Johann Gottlob Schneider

Johann Gottlob Schneider, a German philologist, born at Collmen, Saxony, Jan. 18, 1750, died in Breslau, Jan. 12, 1822. He studied at Leipsic, and in 1774 assisted Brunk in editing the Greek poets at Strasburg. In 1776 he became professor at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, and in 1811 at Breslau. He published a large critical Greek lexicon (2 vols., 1797-'8; 3d ed., with supplement, 1819-'21), annotated editions of many Greek authors, and also various works on natural history.

Johann Gtorg Meyer

Johann Gtorg Meyer, known as Meter vox Bremen, a German painter, born in Brenen, Oct 28, 1813. He studied at Dusseldorf, and settled in Berlin in 1852. He acquired celebritty as a painter of childhood, and his works are popular in England, France, and the United Statesw. Many of them have been engraved.

Johann Heinrich Jakob Muller

Johann Heinrich Jakob Muller, a German physicist, born in Cassel, April 30, 1809. He studied in Darmstadt, Bonn, and Giessen, and became a teacher at Darmstadt. In 1844 he was appointed professor of physical sciences at Freiburg, Baden. His principal work, Lehrouch der Physik und Meteorologie (2 vols., Brunswick, 1842; 7th ed., 1868-'9), was originally a version of Pouillet's Elements de physique; and he published a supplement to it, Lehrbuch der kosmisclien Physik (1856; 3d ed., 1872). Among his other works are: Grund-riss der Physik und Meteorologie (1846; 10th ed., 1869-70; with two supplements); Grund-zuge der Krystallographie (1845; 2d ed., 1869); Die constructive Zeichnungslehre (2 vols. 1868); and Anfangsgrunde der geometrischen Disciplin fur Gymnavien, etc. (3d ed., 1869).

Johann Heinrich Meyer

Johann Heinrich Meyer, a German writer on art, born at Stafa, on the lake of Zurich, March 16, 1759, died in Weimar, Oct. 14, 1832. He was a pupil of J. C. Fussli, brother of J. II. Fuseli, and in 1786 visited Rome, where he formed so close an intimacy with Goethe that he was known as Goethe-Meyer. In 1797 he established himself in Weimar, and in 1807 was appointed director of the academy of painting. As a painter Lis productions were few and unimportant. He was the principal editor of Winckelmann's works (8 vols., Dresden, 1808-'20), and furnished most of the elaborate notes, which he afterward arranged as a history of Greek art, under the title of Ge-schichte der bildenden Kunste lei den Griechen (2 vols. 8vo, Dresden, 1824; vol. iii., 1836).

Johann Heinrich Plath

Johann Heinrich Plath, a German sinologue, born in Munich in 1807, died there, Nov. 16, 1874. In 1848 he became state librarian. His works comprise Confucius und seiner Schiller Leben und Lehren (2 vols., Munich, 1867-'72); Die Beschaftigungen der alien Ghinesen (1869); China vor 4,000 Jahren (1869); Die Quellen der alien chinesischen Geschichie (1870); and Geschichte der Yolker der Mandschurei (4 vols., 1874), of which he left the fifth and last volume in manuscript.

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, a German painter, born at Haina, Feb. 15, 1751, died at Eutin, Oldenburg, July 26, 1829. He was one of a family of painters, resided several years in Rome, and was director of the academy of Naples from. 1790 to 1799, when he returned to Germany. He excelled in drawing animals, but is chiefly known by illustrated works, including Tetes de differents animaux dessinees d'apres nature (2 vols, fob, Naples, 1796); " A Collection of Ancient Vases, etc, in the possession of Sir William Hamilton" (4 vols, fol., Naples, 1790-1804, with 214 plates, engraved from Tischbein's designs); and Homer nach Antiken gezeichnet, with explanations by Heyne (fol., Gottinsren, 1801-'4).