See Lapis Lazuli.

Lazzaro And Pantaleone Calvi

Lazzaro And Pantaleone Calvi, two Genoese painters, sons of Agostino Calvi, of whom the former was born in 1502 and died in 1607, and the latter died in 1595. They were educated together under Perino del Vaga, and painted in concert many pictures in Genoa, Monaco, and Naples. Among their other works, " The Continence of Scipio " is particularly celebrated. Lazzaro was the more inventive of the two, his brother generally working out the details of their joint productions; but his disposition was envious, and his career was marked by atrocious crimes against other painters. Having failed in competition with Cambiaso to secure the execution of the frescoes in the church of San Matteo in Genoa, in a fit of rage he renounced his art, and for 20 years followed the calling of a sailor. At the end of this period he resumed his pencil, and continued to paint until his 85th year.


See Leh.

Le Blanc

Le Blanc, a town of France, department of Indre, on the river Creuse, 33 m. S. W. of Chateauroux; pop. in 1866, 5,822. It contains some cloth manufactories and bleaching works. It was formerly strongly fortified, having a wall flanked by towers and three forts, of which only vestiges remain. There is a handsome church of the 12 th century, dedicated to St. Genitour.

Le Clerc Milfort

Le Clerc Milfort, a French adventurer, born in Mezieres about 1750, died there in 1817. He came to America, travelled through the British colonies, and about 1776 visited the Creek nation. Here he attached himself to the Creek chieftain, Alexander McGillivray, whose sister he married. He was made a war chief by the Indians, and performed active service against the whigs of Georgia during the American revolution. He remained with the Creeks for 20 years. In 1796, having lost his wife and his friend and brother-in-law McGillivray, he returned to France, and was made a general of brigade by Bonaparte. He married again in France, distinguished himself in 1814 by a gallant defence of his own house in Vouziers, whither he had removed from Mezieres, against a party of Russians, and soon afterward returned to Mezieres. He published Memoires, ou coup d'aeil rapide sur mes voyages dans la Louisiane, et mon sejour dans la nation creeke (8vo, Paris, 1802).

Le Mans

See Mans.

Le Nord

Le Nord, the northernmost department of France, formed chiefly from the old province of Flanders, bordering on the North sea, Belgium, and the departments of Ardennes, Aisne, Somme, and Pas-de-Calais; area, 2,193 sq.m.; pop. in 1872, 1,447,764. The coast line is formed by a ridge of sand hillocks, and has two harbors, Dunkirk and Gravelines. The principal rivers are the Sambre, Scheldt, Scarpe, Lys, and Yser, which have been rendered navigable, and are connected with one another by 25 canals. The surface is flat, except in the south, where there are some low detached hills. The greater part of the soil is a rich alluvium. Coal is found in several places. Linen, woollen goods, and cottons are manufactured; and there are iron works, founderies, and glass works. The climate is damp, and not considered healthy. It is divided into the arrondissements of Avesnes, Cambrai, Douai, Dunkirk, Hazebrouck, Lille, and Valenciennes. Capital, Lille.