Peter Joseph Von Lindpaintner, a German composer, born in Coblentz, Dec. 8, 1791, died at Nonnenhorn on Lake Constance, Aug. 21, 1856. He was for many years leader of the orchestra of Stuttgart, which by his efforts became one of the best in Germany. Among his principal works are the operas of " The Sicilian Vespers " and " The Vampire."
Peter King, lord, an English chancellor, born in Exeter in 1669, died at Ockham, Surrey, July 22, 1734. His mother was a sister of the philosopher Locke. He studied at Ley-den, was called to the bar, was elected to parliament in 1699 for Beer-Alston, Devonshire, was appointed in 1709 one of the managers to conduct the impeachment of Sacheverell, and a few years later acted as counsel in defence of Whiston. Soon after the accession of George I. he was made chief justice of the common pleas, and a privy councillor; and in June, 1725, on the removal of the earl of Macclesfield, he became lord chancellor, with the title of Baron King of Ockham. He held office till November, 1733, when ill health compelled him to resign. More of his decrees are said to have been set aside than of any former chancellor. He wrote "Inquiry into the Constitution, Discipline, Unity, and Worship of the Primitive Church" (London, 1691), and "Critical History of the Apostles' Creed" (1702).
Peter Langtoft, an English chronicler, so called from the parish of Langtoft in Yorkshire, flourished in the latter half of the 13th century and the commencement of the 14th. Little is known of his life beyond the fact that he was a canon regular of the order of St. Austin, and produced a translation from the Latin into French verse of Bosenham's "Life of Thomas a Becket," and a French metrical " Chronicle of England," from Trojan times to the end of the reign of Edward I. The manuscripts of the latter are preserved in the Cot-tonian collection in the British museum, and among the Arundel manuscripts in the same repository. The "Chronicle" was rendered into English verse by Robert de Brunne, whose version was edited by Hearne and published in 1725.
Peter Louis Pahlen, count, a Russian conspirator, born about 1750, died in 1826. He was a cavalry officer, and in 1790 became ambassador at Stockholm, in 1793 governor of Livonia, and in 1796 lieutenant governor of the newly acquired province of Courland. Under Paul I. he was made count, general of cavalry, and military governor of St. Petersburg (1801), and succeeded Rostoptchin as the principal favorite. Being afraid of losing the emperor's good will, he took part in the conspiracy which resulted in Paul's assassination (March 23, 1801), and spent the rest of his life in disgrace. - His son Peter (1777-1864) displayed ability in the campaigns against Napoleon and in the warfare against Turkey, and was ambassador at Paris from 1835 to 1841, and general inspector of cavalry from 1847 to 1862. The latter's brother Frederick (1780-1863) was minister at Washington and Munich, and negotiated together with Orioff in 1829 the treaty of Adrianople.