Charles Etienne Brasseur De Bourbourg, abbe, a French traveller and archaeologist, born at Bourbourg, near Dunkirk, Sept. 8, 1814. He studied theology at the university of Ghent, was ©rdained at Rome in 1845, became professor of ecclesiastical history at the Roman Catholic seminary of Quebec, and in 1846 was appointed vicar general at Boston. With the exception of intervals employed in visiting Rome and Paris, he was from 1848 to 1863 almost uninterruptedly engaged in exploring the United States, Mexico, and Central America, acting sometimes as chaplain of the French embassy in Mexico and as teacher of Indians in Guatemala. In 1864 he went to Mexico as archaeologist of the French scientific expedition. His principal works are: Histoire du Canada, de son eglise, etc. (2 vols., 1852); Histoire des nations civilisees du Mexique et de l'Amerique Gentrale avant Christophe Colomb (4 vols., 1857-'9); and Collection de documents dans les langues indigenes pour servir d Vetude de Vhistoire et de la philologie de VAmerique ancienne (3 vols., 1861-4). The third volume, relating to Yucatan, was republished in 1864 under the title of S'il existe des sources de Vhistoire primitive du Mexique dans les monuments egyptiens, et de Vhistoire primitive de Vancien monde dans les monuments americains.
His illustrated work, Monuments anciens du Mexique, etc, was published in 1864-'6 under the auspices of the French government. A second edition of his youthful novel, Laderniere vestale, was published in 1853, and of Le Jcha-life du Bagdad in 1859. The Bulletin of the French geographical society (March, 1864) contains his letter from Spain (November, 1863) to M. de Quatrefages announcing his discovery in the archives of Madrid, after many years of research, of the alphabets of the inscriptions on the Central American monuments. These alphabets are phonetic, and by aid of the Codex Mexicanus and the library of Dresden he claims to have deciphered several words. He has recently published a catalogue of a part of his collection of early grammars and vocabularies of Aztec languages.