Charles, a S. W. county of Maryland, separated from Virginia by the Potomac river, and bounded N. E. by the Patuxent; area, 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,738, of whom 9,318 were colored. The surface is uneven and the soil rather inferior. The forests consist mainly of oak, chestnut, ash, cedar, and locust. The chief productions in 1870 were 73,028 bushels of wheat, 221,726 of Indian corn, 50,813 of oats, 987 tons of hay, 53,878 lbs. of butter, 11,428 of wool, and 2,102,739 of tobacco. There were 2,004 horses, 1,670 milch cows, 4,960 other cattle, 3,872 sheep, and 0,978 swine. Capital, Port Tobacco.

Charles #1

Charles. The more important sovereigns of this name will be treated according to the alphabetical order of the countries over which they ruled, viz.: 1, England; 2, France; 3, Germany; 4, Naples; 5, Sardinia; 6, Savoy; 7, Spain; 8, Sweden; 9, Wurtemberg. These are followed by minor princes of the name, sovereign and non-sovereign.

Charles #2

Charles (Karl Theodor Maximilian August), prince of Bavaria and grand prior of the order of Malta, a German soldier, born in Munich, July 7, 1795. He is a son of King Maximilian I. by his first wife Wilhelmine Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt. He fought against Napoleon at the battle of Hanau (1813), became a general of division, and took part in the campaign of 1814. His differences with Prince Wrede led to his retirement from 1822 till some time after the hitter's death in 1838, when his brother King Louis I. appointed him field marshal and general inspector of the army. In the Austro-Prussian war of 1866 he was commander-in-chief of the 7th and 8th corps of the Bavarian army, which cooperated with the Austrian, after which he retired from the public service.