Claude Alexandre Bonneval, count de, a French soldier, born at Coussac, in Limousin, July 14, 1675, died in March, 1747. Being found unmanageable at the Jesuit college, he left it to enter the navy at the age of 12 years. He left this service in 1698 on account of a duel with the lieutenant of his vessel, and bought a commission in the guards, and afterward in a regiment of infantry. He served with Ven-dome in Italy, where he displayed great courage and skill. Getting into trouble with the accounting officers and the minister of war, ho wrote the latter an insulting letter and threw up his commission as colonel. After spending some time in Italy, he entered the service of Austria as a major general, and fought under Prince Eugene in several campaigns in Italy, France, and the Netherlands. While the negotiation of the treaty of Utrecht was in progress he fought a duel with a Frenchman for denying that Louis XIV. aspired to universal monarchy, and another with a Prussian for maintaining the same thing. He afterward fought against the Turks, and was severely wounded at the battle of Peterwardein. Having gone to Paris in 1717 to sue for a pardon, he was induced by his mother to marry a daughter of Marshal de Biron, but deserted her ten days after and returned to the army of Prince Eugene, distinguishing himself at Belgrade and obtaining an important command in Sardinia and Sicily (1719). Being concerned in a lampoon on the associates of Eugene, he was sent to his regiment at Brussels, where he soon got into trouble with the governor of the Netherlands and was sent to the citadel of Antwerp. He made the matter worse by writing a letter to Prince Eugene which was construed as a challenge, and after trial he was sent beyond the border on condition that he shoifld never set his foot on German soil again.

He went first to Venice and then to Bosnia, where he was arrested and held in custody 15 months. Fearing that he would be delivered up to the Austrian authorities, he turned Mussulman, was made a pasha under the name of Ahmed, and undertook to reorganize the Turkish army. His propensity for getting into trouble still attended him, and in 1738 he was exiled to Asia. He finally appealed to his friends to secure his safe return to France. The pope offered him an asylum at Rome, and the king of the Two Sicilies a pension. A galley was sent to assist him to escape, but he died before he could effect his purpose. Various memoirs and collections of anecdotes concerning his adventures were popular in the last century.