Clotilda. I. Saint, the wife of the Frankish king Clovis, born about 475, died in Tours, June 8, 545. While an infant, her father, mother, and two brothers were murdered by her uncle Gundebald, king of the Burgundians, who spared her life on account of her extreme youth, and who even attended to her education. Her father had been an Arian; but she and her elder sister Chrona, who became a nun, were educated in the Roman Catholic faith of the mother, and Clotilda became a great favorite among the bishops of Gaul. Through their agency she was married to Clovis in 493, to whose conversion she greatly contributed. When the power of her husband was firmly established in the country north of the Loire, she incited him to attack the Burgundian king in order to avenge her father's death. Clovis yielded to her entreaties, but did not follow up the victory he had won near Langres, and was satisfied with making Gundebald his tributary. After the death of Clovis (511), however, the queen pro-vailed upon' her three sons, Clodomir, Childebert, and Clotaire, to renew the war against Sigismund, the son of the murderer. This unfortunate prince was taken prisoner, dragged to Orleans, and with his wife and children thrown into a well.
The war in the mean time continued, and after a protracted struggle Clotilda had the satisfaction of seeing Burgundy in the hands of her sons Childebert and Clo-taire. She spent the latter part of her life in Tours, near the tomb of St. Martin, became noted for her piety, founded several monasteries and churches which acquired great celebrity, and was canonized by the church of Rome. According to her desire, she was buried in the church of Ste. Genevieve, Paris, built by Clovis. Saved from destruction during the revolution, her remains are now in the church of St. Leu, and a new church has been built in her honor. Her marble statue is in the Luxembourg. - See Vie de Sainte Clotllde, by Mme. de Renneval (2 vols., Paris, 1809). II. A daughter of the preceding, died in 531. Her husband, Amalaric, king of the Visigoths, ill-treated her, and she was insulted by the populace because she declined to become a convert to Arianism. Her brother Childebert, on receiving her veil stained with the blood of a wound inliicted upon her by her husband, invaded Amalaric's territory, despoiled the churches of Narbonne, and took her with him to Paris; but she died on the way.