A S. province of Italy (also known as Calabria Citeriore), bounded N. by the province of Potenza, E. by the gulf of Taranto, S. by Catanzaro, and W. by the Mediterranean; area, 2,841 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 440,272. The greater part of the province is mountainous, the Apennines traversing it in its entire length; near the gulf of Taranto it has an extensive and beautiful plain. The, principal river is the Crati; among the smaller ones are the Busento, Esaro, and Trionto. The vine, the olive, silk, and fruits of all kinds are cultivated, and the breeding of horses, mules, and hogs is pursued on a large scale. The Sila mountain contains alabaster and mineral salt. The province is divided into the districts of Castrovillari, Cosenza, Paola, and Ros-sano. IL A city (anc. Consentia), capital of the province, situated at the confluence of the rivers Crati and Busento, in a valley of its own name, surrounded by vine-covered hills, 11 m. from the Mediterranean, and 150 m. S. E. of Naples; pop. about 10,000. Two bridges of stone unite the two portions of the city. Cosenza is the seat of an archbishop, and possesses a handsome court house, a cathedral, several churches and convents, a theatre, and several hospitals.
The royal college has six professors, and there are also two academies and other educational establishments. It is a fortified city, with a citadel of considerable strength. Extensive silk works are carried on, and cutlery and earthenware are manufactured. Wine, flax, and manna are produced in the surrounding district. The extensive forest region of Sila adjoins the town. - Consentia was the capital of the Bruttii, and taken from them by the Romans. Alaric the Goth besieged it, and died within its walls (410). The Saracens took the city, and were dispossessed by the Normans. Isabella of Aragon, the wife of Philip III. of France, died here on her husband's return from Tunis with the remains of St. Louis.