Czerny George, Or Kara George (Black George), the leader of the Servians in their insurrection against the Turks, and their chief during the first period of their national restoration, born about 1770, strangled and beheaded in July, 1817. He was a peasant, and served in the Austrian army in the war against Turkey, but soon left the service and fled to his native mountains, where he became the chieftain of a band of outlaws. When the insurrection of 1805 broke out, he became its leader. In 1807 the Servians had become masters of the whole country, and George was acknowledged by the sultan as their chief. During the following years he was engaged in hostilities with the Turks, supported indirectly by Russia and France. After the treaty of Bucharest, in 1812, the Servians were abandoned by Napoleon and Alexander; and the Turks again made themselves masters of Servia, which however soon recovered a partial independence under Milosh Obrenovitch, George going into exile. In 1817, when the Greek Hetairia was secretly preparing a general insurrection in the northern provinces of the Ottoman empire, George returned to Servia and besought Milosh to raise the banner of insurrection.

But the new ruler, afraid of a rival, informed the pasha of Belgrade of his presence, and that official demanded his head, which was sent to Constantinople, where it was publicly exposed. (See Alexander Karageorgevitch).