Daniel Boone, an American pioneer, born in Bucks co., Penn., Feb. 11,1735, died atCharette, Mo., Sept. 26, 1820. His father, Squire Boone, came from England and took up his residence in a frontier settlement in Pennsylvania, where Daniel received the merest rudiments of education, but became thoroughly familiar with the arts and hardships of pioneer life. When he was 18 years old the family moved to the banks of the river Yadkin in North Carolina, where he married Rebecca Bryan and passed, some years as a farmer. He made several hunting excursions into the wilderness, and finally in 1769 set out with five others to explore the border region of Kentucky. They halted on the Red river, a branch of the Kentucky, where they hunted for several months. In December, 1769, Boone and a companion named Stewart were captured by the Indians, but escaped, and Boone was soon after joined by his brother. They were captured again, and Stewart was killed; but Boone escaped, and, his brother going shortly after to North Carolina, he was left alone for several weeks in the wilderness, with only his rifle for a means of support. He was rejoined by his brother, and they continued their explorations till March, 1771, when they returned home with the" spoils which they had collected.
In 1773 he sold his farm and set out with his family and two brothers and five other families to make his home in Kentucky. They were intercepted by Indians and forced to retreat to the Clinch river near the border of Virginia, where they remained for some time, Boone in* the meanwhile conducting a party of surveyors into Kentucky for the governor of Virginia. He was afterward appointed, with the commission of a captain, to command three gar-lisons on the Ohio, to keep back the hostile Indians, and in 1775 was employed to lay out lands in Kentucky for the Transylvania com-.pany. He erected a stockade fort on the Kentucky river, which he called Boonesborough, and removed his family to the new settlement, where he was again employed in command of a force to repel the Indians. In 1778 he went to the Blue Licks to obtain salt for the settlement, and was captured and taken to Detroit. His knowledge of the Indian character enabled him to gain favor with his captors, and he was adopted into one of their families. Discovering a plan laid by the British for an Indian attack upon Boonesborough, he contrived to escape and set out for the Kentucky settlement, which he reached in less than five days.
His family, supposing that he was dead, had returned to North Carolina, but he at- once put the garrison in order and successfully repelled the attack which was soon made. He was court-martialled for surrendering his party at the Licks, and for endeavoring to make a treaty with the Indians before the attack on the fort; but conducting his own defence, he was .acquitted and promoted to the rank of major. In 1780 he brought his family back to Boonesborough, and continued to live there till 1792. At that time Kentucky was admitted into the Union as a state, and much litigation arose about the titles of settlers to their lands. Boone, losing all his possessions for want of a clear title, retired in disgust into the wilderness of Missouri, settling on the Femme Osage river, 45 m. W. of St. Louis, where he lived from 1795 to 1804. This region was then under the dominion of Spain, and he was appointed commandant of the Femme Osage district and received a large tract of land for his services, which he also lost subsequently because he failed to make his title good. His claim to another tract of land was confirmed by congress in 1812 in consideration of his eminent public services.
The latter years of his life he spent in Missouri with his son-in-law Flanders Callaway. The only original portrait of Boone in existence was painted by Mr. Chester Harding in 1820, and now hangs in the state house of Kentucky. The remains of Boone and his wife were exhumed in 1845 and deposited with appropriate ceremonies in the cemetery of Frankfort, Ky. An account of Boone's adventures, as related by himself, was written out by John Filson (1784), and reprinted in the supplement to Finlay's "Description of the Western Territory " (1793). There is a life of " Boone by John M. Peck in Sparks's " Library of American Biography." Lives of him have also been written by Timothy Flint, W. H. Bo-gart, and J. S. C. Abbott.