Friedrich Muller, a German painter and poet, born in Creuznach in 1750, died in Rome, April 23, 1825. He early devoted himself to painting and copperplate engraving, and in his 18th year published several collections of etchings, which attracted much attention from their originality. In 1776 he went to Rome, and studied the works of Michel Angelo; but his taste for the grotesque constantly increased and gave a fantastic character to his productions. He was chiefly known as a guide in Rome, where he was called Müller the painter. He succeeded better as an author than as an artist, writing idyls, romances, ballads, and dramas. His best drama is Niobe. A complete edition of his works has been published (3 vols., Heidelberg, 1811; 2d ed., 1825).

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Friedrich Muller, a German philologist, born at Jemnik, Bohemia, March 5, 1834. He completed his studies in Vienna from 1853 to 1857, and was employed as a librarian there from 1858 to 1866, when he became extraordinary and in 1869 ordinary professor of comparative philology and of Sanskrit at the university, and a member of the academy of sciences. Benfey regards him as the highest authority on comparative philology and eth-nology, and he has written extensively on these subjects for periodicals. His principal works are': Rem der osterreichuchen Fregatte No-mra: Linguistischer Theil (Vienna, 1867), and Ethnographischer Theil (1868); and All-gemeine Ethnographie (1873).