George Wishart, called "the Martyr," a Scottish clergyman, born about the beginning of the 16th century, burned at the stake at St. Andrews, March 1, 1546. He began to preach about 1536, but in 1538 he left Scotland to avoid persecution, preached at Bristol, England, against the invocation of the Virgin, was condemned therefor, and recanted his' opinions. In 1543 he was a tutor in Cambridge, but in July returned to Scotland with the commissioners sent to negotiate a marriage treaty between Prince Edward and the infant queen of Scots. Under their protection he preached at Montrose, Dundee, and other Scottish towns, and his preaching led the people to destroy some convents and Roman Catholic churches. He was arrested at Ormiston by the earl of Bothwell and delivered to Cardinal Beaton, who tried him on his own authority before an ecclesiastical court, and sentenced him to be burned. At the stake Wishart predicted with minuteness the violent and ignominious death of the cardinal, as it occurred three months after.
His life has been written by the Rev. C. Rogers (London, 1876).
George Wishart, a Scottish historian, born in Haddingtonshire in 1609, died in 1671. He is said to have been educated at the university of Edinburgh, and became a parish minister at St. Andrews. Refusing to take the covenant, he was deposed, and was several times imprisoned. He became chaplain to Montrose, and afterward to Elizabeth, the ex-electress palatine, and on the restoration was made rector of Newcastle. He was consecrated bishop of Edinburgh in 1662. He is chiefly known by his "History of the Wars of Montrose " (1st part, in Latin, Paris, 1647; English translation of both parts, London, 1652, 1720).