Goldwin Smith, an English author, born in Reading, Aug. 13, 1823. He was educated at Eton and Oxford, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, but never practised. In 1858 he became regius professor of modern history at Oxford. During the American civil war he was a warm friend of the federal government, and published "Does the Bible sanction Slavery?" (1863), "On the Morality of the Emancipation Proclamation" (1863), " Letter to a Whig Member of the Southern Independence Association" (1864), "England and America" (1865), and "The Civil War in America" (1866). In September, 1864, he visited the United States. In 1866 he resigned his chair at Oxford, with a view of taking up his residence in America. Coming to this country in 1868, he became professor of English history in Cornell university, and resided at Ithaca till 1871, when he exchanged his chair for that of a non-resident professor, and removed to Toronto. He has since been appointed a member of the senate of the university of Toronto, and from 1872 to 1874 was the editor of the " Canadian Monthly." In 1874 he revisited England. He contributed to the "Anthologia Oxoniana," the "Oxford Essays," and the "Encyclopaedia Britannica." His other publications are: "Inaugural Lecture before the University of Oxford" (1859); "Lectures on Modern History," "Lectures on the Study of History," "Foundation of the American Colonies," " On some supposed Consequences of Historical Progress," and "Rational Religion" (1861); "Irish History and Irish Character," and "On Church Endowments" (1862); "Empire, a Series of Letters" (1863); "Plea for Abolition of Tests in Oxford" (1864); "Three English Statesmen," sketches of Pym, Cromwell, and Pitt (1867); "Reorganization of the University of Oxford " (1868); and " Relations between America and England " (1869).