Grimke ,.I. Thomas Smith, an American lawyer and scholar, born in Charleston, S. 0., Sept. 26, 1786, died near Columbus, O., Oct. 12, 1834. He graduated at Yale college in 1807, studied law in Charleston, and rose to eminence at the bar and in politics. Among his more noted efforts were a speech in the state senate on the tariff question in 1828, in which he supported the general government, and an argument on the constitutionality of the South Carolina test act in 1834. He became more widely known by his addresses in behalf of peace, religion, and literature. An early and prominent advocate of the American peace society, he held the opinion that even defensive warfare is wicked. He entertained some eccentric notions on the subject of education, and in several pamphlets he introduced a new system of English orthography. He published several addresses before Sunday schools and peace societies, before the society of the Cincinnati at Charleston, July 4, 1809, and before various societies and associations on subjects connected with education.

A volume of his addresses was published at New Haven in 1831. II. Frederick, brother of the preceding, born in Charleston, S. C, Sept. 1, 1791, died March 8, 1863. He removed to Ohio, where he held for many years the office of judge of the court of common pleas and of the supreme court, He was the author of a work on "The Nature and Tendency of Free Institutions" (Cincinnati, 1848), and of an essay on " Ancient and Modern Literature." III. Sarah Moore, sister of the preceding, born in Charleston, S. C, Nov. 26, 1792, died at Hyde Park, Mass., Dec. 23, 1873. From early youth she and her younger sister Angelina felt a strong repugnance to slavery, and on receiving slaves by inheritance immediately set them free. About 1835 they removed to Philadelphia and joined the society of Friends. They soon began to lecture against slavery, and their addresses had , great influence on public opinion. In 1837-'8 Borah visited Massachusetts, making many public speeches, and wrote for Garrison's "Liberator" a series of letters on "The Equality of the Sexes,1' which were afterward published in a volume. In these letters all the principles and nearly all the arguments since advanced by the woman's rights party were anticipated.

In the latter part of her life Miss Grimke was a teacher of French, and translated and published Lamartine's Jeanne d'Arc and Emile Souvestre's Confessions d'un ou-vrier. Her sister became the wife of Theodore Dwight Weld. (See Weld.)