Henrietta Anna , duchess of Orleans, daughter of Charles I. of England and Queen Henrietta Maria, born in Exeter, June 16, 1644, died at St. Cloud, June 29, 1670. She was carried to France while an infant and reared by her mother in a convent at Chaillot. As she grew up she did not please the young king, Louis XIV., her cousin, and was consequently regarded with indifference by the rest of the court. But when her brother Charles II. was restored to the throne of England, a marriage was arranged between her and the French king's only brother, Philip, duke of Orleans. She returned to France from England, whither she had accompanied her mother, and where she first displayed those powers of fascination for which she became celebrated. Her marriage took place on March 31, 1661, at the Palais Royal, and she at once became the delight of the French court. But the charms of madame, as she was called, produced no impression on her husband, and his coolness was changed into aversion after the attentions of the count de Guiche and of the king himself had become so marked as to attract notice.

In 1670 the king induced her to visit her brother's court, and through her influence England was detached from the alliance with Holland and Sweden which had been formed in opposition to the interests of France. Shortly after her return she died suddenly in great suffering and in the belief that she had been poisoned. The discourse which Bossuet pronounced at her funeral was considered one of the noblest specimens of his eloquence. Her memoirs were written by Madame de La Fayette.