Henrietta Maria , queen of England, born in Paris, Nov. 25, 1609, died at Colombes, near that city, Sept. 10, 1669. She was the youngest child of Henry IV. of France by his second wife, Maria de' Medici, and on March 30, 1625, was married at Paris by proxy to Charles I., king of England, a few days after his accession to the throne. She soon secured the affection of her husband and acquired great influence over him, but became obnoxious to the English nation by her undisguised partiality for the Catholic faith. She was charged by the king's opponents with being the adviser of his arbitrary policy and the enemy of English liberties. Her unpopularity was increased by her participation in the strife between Charles and the parliament. In 1642 she went to Holland, and procured money and troops, which she undertook to bring to England. Notwithstanding a violent storm, which drove her fleet toward the continent, she landed her forces at Bridlington, and joined her husband at Oxford. In 1644, a few days after being delivered of Henrietta Anna, her last child, at Exeter, she narrowly escaped being taken prisoner by Essex, and went to Falmouth, whence she sailed to France on board a Dutch ship.
I hiring her residence in France she suffered from the effects of the hardships she had undergone, and although granted a pension by the French government she was rendered uncomfortable through the civil dissensions of the country. When Charles II. was recalled to England in 1G60, she paid him a visit with her daughter Henrietta Anna, but soon returned to France, where she continued in retirement at her house in Colombes. She died suddenly, and her remains were buried in the abbey of St. Denis, with the exception of her heart, which was intrusted to the nuns of Ste. Marie de Chaillot. Bossuet delivered a funeral oration in her honor. The private correspondence of Henrietta and Charles I. during the civil war was published at London in 1857, edited by Mrs. Green.