Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, an American author, born in Watervliet (now Guilderland), Albany co., N. Y., March 28, 1793, died in Washington, D. C, Dec. 10, 1864. He studied at Union college, and under Prof. F. Hall of Middlebury college, Vt., learned the art of glass making, made a mineralogical and geological tour in the west in 1817-18, was geologist of an exploring expedition in the Lake Superior copper region and on the upper Mississippi in 1820, travelled as Indian commissioner in Illinois and along the Wabash and Miami rivers in 1821, and in 1822 was Indian agent at Sault Ste. Marie and Michilimackinac. In 1823 he married the granddaughter of an Indian chief. He was a member of the Michigan legislature from 1828 to 1832, and founded the Michigan historical society and the Algic society at Detroit. Before the latter he read two lectures on the Indian languages, for which he received a gold medal from the French institute. In 1832 he conducted the expedition which discovered the source of the Mississippi, and in 1836 secured the cession by the Indians of 16,000,000 acres of land to the United States. He was appointed acting superintendent of Indian affairs in 1836, and chief disbursing agent for the northern department in 1889. In 1845 he made a census of the Six Nations of New York for the state legislature, and in 1847 removed to Washington, and engaged under the appointment of the government in the preparation of a work entitled "Historical and Statistical Information respecting the History, Condition, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States" (6 vols. 4to, with 336 plates, Philadelphia, 1851-7). He also published, in connection with his researches, "A View of the Lead Mines of Missouri" (8vo, New York, 1819); "Travels in the Central Portions of the Mississippi Valley" (1825); "Narrative of an Expedition to Itasca Lake, the actual Source of the Mississippi" (1834; republished, with the account of the expedition of 1820, under the title "Narrative of an Exploratory Expedition to the Sources of the Mississippi River in 1820, completed by the Discovery of its Origin in Itasca Lake in 1832," Philadelphia, 1853); "Algic Researches" (2 vols. 12mo, New York, 1839; republished under the title "The Myth of Hiawatha and other Oral Legends," 8vo, Philadelphia, 1856); "Oneota, or Characteristics of the Red Race of America" (New York, 1844); "Notes on the Iroquois" (Albany, 1848); "Personal Memoirs of a Residence of Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes" (8vo, Philadelphia, 1851); and "Scenes and Adventures in the Semi-Alpine Regions of the Ozark Mountains" (Philadelphia, 1853). "The Indian Fairy Book " has been compiled from his manuscripts by C. Mathews (New York, 1868).