Hohenlinden , a village of Upper Bavaria, 20 m. E. of Munich, memorable for a battle fought Dec. 3, 1800, which resulted in a victory of the French general Moreau over the archduke John of Austria. After the truce of Parsdorf (Nov. 13) Moreau's army was stationed between the rivers Isar and Inn, and the Austrians on the right bank of the Inn. The archduke believed that the French were retreating, and his plan was to attack them in front, while Klenau should cut off their retreat to Munich, and Hiller intercept them on the road to Augsburg. Moreau was indeed retreating, but he chose to concentrate his army at Hohenlinden, and to wait for the enemy. The Austrian army was divided on Dec. 3 into three columns. The main corps, forming the middle column, advanced in a heavy snow storm through the woods toward Hohenlinden, where they attacked the corps of Grenier and Grouchy, which were reenforced in time to beat them back into the defile of the main road. Confused, and attacked by Richepanse, who was subsequently assisted by Ney, the column lost ground and finally dispersed. The other columns were also forced to retreat, and at 2 o'clock the victory was completely in the hands of the French, who desisted from pursuing the Austrians on account of the condition of the weather, as well as of the roads.

The Austrians lost 8,000 men dead and wounded, upward of 10,000 prisoners, and 100 guns. The French announced a loss of only 5,000 men. Negotiations were now renewed, and terminated in the treaty of peace of Luneville.