Hohenlohe , the name of a German princely family, claiming its descent from the dukes of Franconia, named from the territory of Hohen-lohe, originally a county, afterward a principality, mediatized in 1806, and now belonging partly to Bavaria and partly to Wurtemberg. It was early divided into the lines of Hohen-lohe-Brauneck and Hohenlohe-Holloch. The former became extinct in the fourth generation, and the latter in 1340 formed the two branches of Hohenlohe-Hohenlohe and Hohenlohe-Speck-feld. This last alone has been perpetuated. Georg, count of Hohenlohe-Speckfeld, who died in 1551, left two sons: 1, Ludwig Casi-mir, the ancestor of the branch of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Oehringen, which became extinct in 1805, as well as of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Langenburg, now subdivided into Hohenlohe-Oehringen or Ingelfingen and Hohenlohe-Lan-genburg; and 2, Eberhard, the ancestor of the branch of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg, divided into Hohenlohe-Bartenstein and Hohenlohe-Schil-lingsfurst. - Of the descendants of Ludwig Casimir, the best known is Friedrich Ludwig, prince of Hohenlohe-lngelfingen, a Prussian general (born in 1740, died in 1818). He became a colonel in 1788, and in the war against France distinguished himself as lieutenant general in storming the defensive lines near Weis-senburg. In 1794 he gained a brilliant victory at Kaiserslautern; in 1800 became a general of infantry, and in 1804 governor of Franconia and general military inspector of Silesia. After holding subsequently several important commands, he was defeated at Jena, Oct. 14, 1806, capitulated at Prenzlauon Oct. 28, and thenceforward withdrew from public life. - Of the Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfurst branch the most distinguished are: I. Alexander Leopold Franz Emmerich, born at Kupferzell, Wurtemberg, Aug. 17, 1794, died in the castle of Voslau, near Vienna, Nov. 14, 1849. He was ordained priest in 1815, distinguished himself at Stuttgart by his charity during an epidemic, and subsequently at Munich by his preaching.
In 1816 he went to Rome, where he is said to have entered the society of "Fathers of the Sacred Heart." In 1824 he became canon of Grosswardein, and was made grand provost in 1829. In 1844 he was appointed bishop of Sardica in partibus infidelium. He is chiefly known for the miraculous cures attributed to his prayers in continental Europe and the British isles; the first person thus reported healed by him being the princess Schwarzenberg, who had been for several years a paralytic. Much discussion was also occasioned in the United States by the sudden cure of Mrs. Ann Mattingly in Washington, D. C, March 10, 1824. The pope had been urged in 1821 to give his sanction to the method employed by Prince Hohenlohe, but declined; nor has any approval of these cures been since obtained in Rome. His works are made up of ascetic and controversial treatises, together with several volumes of sermons. His posthumous works were published by Brunner (Ratisbon, 1851). II. Chlodwig Karl Victor, a Bavarian statesman, born March 31, 1819. He was first known as prince of Ratibor and Korvei, and succeeded to his brother's title Feb. 12, 1846. In 1867 he became high chamberlain to the king of Bavaria, and minister of foreign affairs.
During his administration he labored to promote German unity, while opposing the Prussian policy, which aimed at absorbing the minor states. He introduced the Prussian military system into Bavaria; but as vice president of the customs parliament, he seemed to favor the formation of a South German confederation. He also endeavored to prevent the meeting of the council of the Vatican, and entered for that purpose into negotiations with other European governments. The Bavarian chambers of 1809 being almost equally divided between the friends and opponents of the clerical party, he advised the king to dissolve them. In the new chambers he advocated a policy adverse to Prussia; but failing to make it prevail, he resigned in 1870. After having taken a conspicuous part in making Bavaria join the new German empire, he became a member of the German Reichstag, and on March 23, 1871, was elected its first vice president. He strenuously supports the policy of Bismarck, particularly in the complications with the holy see.
| In March, 1874, ho was appointed German ambassador in Paris.