Grisseh, Or Grisseo a town of Java, 12 m. N. W. of the city of Surabaya, on the strait of Madura; pop. not stated, though believed to be numerous, and mainly consisting of Javanese and Chinese. The principal houses extend along the shore and are shaded by tamarind trees, and many of the residents are scattered over a large distance inland, but in a much less healthy locality. The finest buildings are a Chinese temple and the dwelling of the Dutch resident. The roadstead is the safest on that part of the Javanese coast, and ship building is actively carried on. Salt and saltpetre abound in the vicinity. It is one of the most ancient towns of Java; and here Mohammedanism was first firmly established.
Groat , (Dan. groot, Ger. gross, great), an old English silver coin, of the value of four pence (originally about equal to the present shilling), first struck under Edward III. about 1351, and so named because it was the greatest silver coin then in use, none having been previously struck of value over a penny. The grot, groot, and groschen are silver coins or moneys of account on the continent of Europe.
Gross-Glogau ,.See Glogait.
Grossenhain, Or Hain a town of Saxony, on the Roder, 18 m. N. N. W. of Dresden; pop. in 1871, 10,438. It has pleasant gardens, several churches, many schools, and extensive manufactories of cloth, cotton, prints, etc. The town was strongly fortified in the middle ages, when it belonged to Bohemia. A great fire broke out July 6, 1540, in a nunnery, said to have been the work of the inmates, who were incensed by the proposed abolition of the institution; and the conflagration consumed the greater part of the town, and also the castle, which was afterward rebuilt, and is now used as a manufactory. After great vicissitudes during the thirty years' war, and in the war with Sweden, it was desolated by another fire, July 8, 1744, which spared only about 40 houses. The town has gradually recovered from its misfortunes, and its population and industry are steadily increasing.
Grosseto ,.I. A province of central Italy, in Tuscany, bounded W. by the Mediterranean; area, 1,712 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 107,457. The most important river is the Ombrone. It is the least productive province of Tuscany, the soil consisting partly of sterile mountain, partly of marshes, and only a small portion of it being capable of cultivation. Both agriculture and manufactures are unimportant. Among the chief products are sugar, lumber, coal, and potash. II. A town, capital of the province, in the plain of the Ombrone, 70 m. S. by W, of Florence; pop. about 6,500. It is the seat of a bishop, and has a large cathedral and an artesian well. During summer most of the inhabitants leave the town to escape the exhalations of the Maremma.
Grosswardein , (Hungarian, Nagy - Varad), a town of Hungary, in the county of Bihar, on the Swift Koros, in a beautiful but somewhat marshy plain on a branch of the Pesth and Debreczin railway, 134 m. E. by S. of Pesth; pop. in 1870, 28,698. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic and a Greek Catholic bishop, has 16 Catholic, two Greek, and three Protestant churches, several convents, a Greek Catholic diocesan seminary, an academy of law, a gymnasium, two normal schools, several orphan houses and other charitable institutions, and several distilleries. The peace between John Zapolya and Ferdinand I. was concluded here in 1538. In the neighborhood is the watering place Hajo.