Dukes Of. I. Adolplins Frederick Cambridge, born in London, Feb. 25, 1774, died July 8, 1850. He was the youngest son of George III., and the uncle of Queen Victoria. He entered the British army as ensign when 16 years of age, afterward completed his education at the university of Gottingen, and returned to England in 1793. He leaned at first to the side of the opposition on the question of the French war, but afterward sided with the government. He took part in the campaign in the Netherlands in 1793, and fell into the hands of the French at the battle of Hondschoote, but was soon afterward exchanged. In 1801-'3 he was employed in Hanover, vainly endeavoring to preserve it from foreign occupation. In 1816 he was again sent to Hanover by the prince regent as governor general, and in 1831 was appointed viceroy of Hanover. In 1837, on the separation of Hanover from the British crown, he returned to England. From that period he was chiefly known as the president of charitable societies, and chairman at anniversary dinners. II. George William Frederick Charles, son of the preceding, and cousin of Queen Victoria, born in Hanover, March 26, 1819. He became colonel in the army in 1837, and major general in 1845. In 1850 he succeeded his father as duke of Cambridge, in 1854 was advanced to the rank of lieutenant general, and in 1856 to that of general.
He commanded the two brigades of Highlanders and guards which formed the first division of the army sent to the Crimea. He led these troops into action at the battle of the Alma, and at Inker-man had ahorse shot under him. Directed by his physician to withdraw for a time from camp life, he retired first to Pera, and soon afterward to England. In July, 1856, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the British army, and on Nov. 9, 1862, field marshal. He has been living so many years with Miss Fair-brother, who was in her youth an actress of celebrated beauty, that she is generally regarded as his wife, though they have never been married, and she does not inhabit his official residence. She has borne him many children, who are called after their father Fitz-George. Some of the sons are in the army. - His sister Augusta, born July 19, 1822, married on June 28, 1843, the grand duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; and his sister Mary, born Nov. 27, 1833, and very popular in London society, married, July 12, 1866, Count Francis Hohenstein, son of Duke Alexander of Wtlrtemberg by a morganatic marriage with the countess Hohenstein, upon whom the title of Prince Teck was conferred by the king of Wtirtemberg in 1863, and of duke in 1871.
Gothic Chapel in King's College.