James Murdock, an American clergyman, bom in Westbrook, Conn., Fob. 16, 177(5, died in Columbus, Miss., Aug. 10, 1850. He graduated at Yale college in 1707, was ordained as a Congregational minister in 1801, and in February, 1802, was settled in Princeton, Mass. In 1815 he became professor of ancient languages in the university of Vermont, and in 1819 of sacred rhetoric and ecclesiastical history in the theological seminary at Andover, Mass. In 1828 he removed to New Haven, where he devoted himself to the study of ecclesiastical history, the oriental languages, and philosophy. His principal works are: a translation from the German of Münscher's "Elements of Dogmatic History" ( New Haven, 1830); a translation of Uosheim's "Institutes of Ecclesiastical History," with copious notes (3 vols., New Haven, 1832; revised ed., New York, 1830); an edition of Milman's "History of Christianity," with a preface and notes (New York, 1841); "Sketches of Modern Philosophy, especially among the Germans" (Hartford, 1842); a "Literal Translation of the whole New Testament from the Ancient Syriac Version," with a preface and marginal notes (New York, 1851); and a translation from the Latin of Mosheim's "Commentaries on the Affairs of the Christians before the time of Constantine the Great" (2 vols.. New York, 1852). He also published several sermons, one of which, on the atonement (1823), attracted great attention, He was a member of many learned societies, and in 1819 received the degree of D. D. from Harvard university.