John Mcallister Schofield, an American soldier, born in Chautauqua co., N. Y., Sept. 29, 1831. He graduated at West Point in 1853, and in 1860 became professor of physics in the Washington university at St. Louis. On Nov. 21, 1861, he was made brigadier general of volunteers, five days afterward brigadier general of Missouri militia, and on Nov. 29, 1862, major general of volunteers. He bore a part in the principal engagements of the Atlanta campaign, and after the capture of Atlanta, Sept. 1, 1864, was placed under Gen. Thomas in command of the forces which opposed the movement of Gen. Hood toward Nashville. He commanded at the battle of Franklin, Nov. 30, for which he was made brigadier general in the regular army, and afterward brevet major general; and he led a corps in the subsequent engagements before Nashville, Dec. 15, 16, and in the pursuit of the remnant of Gen. Hood's army. As commander of the department of North Carolina he took possession of Wilmington, Feb. 22, 1865; fought successfully at Kingston, March 8-10; and then advanced to Goldsboro', where on March 22 he united with the army of Gen. Sherman. During the political complication of 1868 Gen. Schofield was appointed secretary of war, May 30. In March, 1869, he was assigned to command the department of the Missouri, and in April, 1870, the division of the Pacific.