Joseph Hormayr, baron, a Tyrolese patriot and historian, born in Innspruck, Jan. 20,1781, died in Munich, Nov. 5, 1848. He entered the Austrian military service in 1797, served in the Tyrolese militia, and afterward became director of the archives at Vienna. One of the most strenuous opponents of Napoleon, he became the chief promoter of the insurrection in Tyrol under Hofer against the French and Bavarians. After the armistice of Znaym, July, 1809, he returned to Vienna, where he was made an imperial councillor. In 1813 he interrupted the literary labors in which he was engaged to make a new attempt to revolutionize Tyrol; but he was imprisoned by the Austrian government, which was impelled to this measure by fear of giving umbrage to Bavaria, then on the point of joining the alliance against Napoleon. He was released in 1815, and appointed imperial historiographer. He lived in retirement in Brunn from 1820 to 1828, after which he held various important offices in the Bavarian service. He published Lehensbilder am clem Befreiungskriege (3 parts, 1841-'4); Geschichte der gefursteten Grafschaft Tirol (2 vols., 1806-'8); Allge-meine Geschichte der neuesten Zeit (3 vols., 1817-'19); and Das Land Tirol und der Tiro-lerkrieg von 1809 (2 vols., 1845).