Lord Thurlow Edward, an English statesman, born at Little Ashfield, near Stowmar-ket, Suffolk, in 1732, died in Brighton, Sept. 12, 1806. He was educated at Cambridge, was called to the bar in 1754, entered upon a lucrative practice, and was appointed king's counsel in 1761. In 1768 he was elected to parliament, in 1770 was appointed solicitor general, in 1771 attorney general, and in 1778, as a reward for his zealous advocacy of the government policy respecting America, he was made lord chancellor in Lord North's ministry, and raised to the peerage as Baron Thurlow. By command of the king he retained the office of lord' chancellor in the Rockingham and Shelburne administrations, notwithstanding he was politically opposed to his coadjutors, and lost no opportunity to defeat their leading measures. This led to the withdrawal of Fox; and in the coalition ministry which succeeded, it was stipulated that Thurlow should not hold a seat. He still remained in confidential relations with the king, and on the accession of Pitt to power, in December, 1783, received again the great seal, which he held for more than eight years. He opposed certain measures of the cabinet, which led to his removal at the request of Pitt, whom he always disliked, and with the consent of the king.
He was overbearing and passionate, a dictator rather than a debater in parliament, but an impressive and eloquent speaker. - His nephew and heir, Edward Hovell-Thurlow, second lord (1781-1829), published "Ariadne, a Poem in three Parts" (1814), "Carmen Britanni-cum" (1814), and several volumes of miscellaneous poems, including translations from Anacreon and Horace.