Louis Gabriel Sichet, duke of Albufera, a French soldier, born in Lyons, March 2, 1770, died in Marseilles, Jan. 3, 1826. He entered the army in 1792, was at the siege of Toulon in 1793 as chief of battalion, and was then transferred to the army of Italy. He was selected as one of the commanders in the army of Egypt, but was detained by Brune as major general in the army of Italy, in which he reestablished order and discipline; afterward served as chief of staff under Massena on the Danube, and again in Italy as general of division; and in 1800 distinguished himself in the defence of Genoa. In 1805 he commanded the left wing under Lannes at Auster-litz, and in 1806 took an important part in the battle of Jena. In 1808 he was made commander of a division in the army of Spain, and after successive victories he became marshal in 1811. He afterward took Oropesa and Murviedro, and defeated Blake near the lagoon of Albufera, under the walls of Valencia, and forced him to surrender that city, Jan. 9, 1812, with 18,000 Spanish troops and immense stores. For this victory ho was rewarded with the title of duke of Albufera and a large revenue. He gained the esteem of the Spaniards by his justice and moderation.
Louis XVIII. made him a peer in 1814. He wrote Memoires sur la guerre d'Espagne, 1808-1814 (2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1829).