Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli, count, an Italian naturalist, born in Bologna, July 10, 1658, died there, Nov. 1, 1780. He studied mathematics and natural history under Borelli and Malpighi, travelled in Turkey, afterward served in the imperial army, was wounded and captured by the Turks in the battle of Raab (1683), was ransomed by his family, and after the conclusion of peace was employed as boundary commissioner between Turkey and Austria. In the war of the Spanish succession, being second in command of the garrison at Breisach (1703) when that place surrendered to the French without oifering any resistance, he was tried by an Austrian court martial and deprived of his rank in the army. Devoting himself henceforward to scientific pursuits, he travelled in the west of Europe, finally settling in his native city. He published Saggio fisieo intorno alla storia del mare (1711), De Generatione Fungorum (1717), Danubius Pannonico-Mysi-cus (1726), and Stato militare dell' imperio Ottomano (1732). In England he became a friend of Newton and Halley, and a member of the royal society.
He presented his scientific collection to Bologna, and his printing press, with types for Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, to the Dominicans of that city.