I. John

I. John, a Scottish author, born at Weem, Perthshire, in 1779, died in London, April 7, 1808. He was educated at the universities of Edinburgh and St. Andrews, and in 1801 established himself in London, where he commenced his literary career as editor of the " St. James's Chronicle." Upon the breaking out of the war with France in 1802, he examined into the system of national defence adopted, and in 1805 published an elaborate work entitled "An Inquiry into the System of Military Defence of Great Britain" (2 vols. 8vo), in which he undertook to show that a regular army in the event of an invasion is superior to volunteers. This work was followed by " An Inquiry into the Principles of Civil and Military Subordination " (1804). Although worn down by incessant devotion to literary labors, he entered with ardor upon a new plan of political biographies, and in 1807 produced his "Lives of British Statesmen" (4to), beginning with Sir Thomas More. He was prostrated by a paralytic stroke in November, 1807, and was carried off by a second attack.

II. John

II. John, a Scottish miscellaneous author, born in Edinburgh about 1789, died in Dumfries, Nov. 12, 1852. He was educated at the university of Edinburgh, and became a clerk in a bank, devoting his leisure hours to literary pursuits. Ho was a contributor to the " Scots' Magazine," and in 1817 editor of the "Dumfries Courier." The most important of his works are: " History of Dumfries;" "Life of Cowper;" "Life of William Nicholson, the Galloway Poet;" "Sketches from Nature;" and "The Scrap Book."