Otto Theodor, baron, a Prussian statesman, born at Lubben, Feb.3. 1805. He entered the civil service at an early age. In 1844 he was made a member of the council of state, and in 1847, in the first united diet, he was conspicuous as an ultra conservative.
During the administration of Count Brandenburg (1848-50) he was minister of the interior. Upon the death of the count he was appointed minister of foreign affairs, and soon after, at the conference of Olmutz (November, 1850), brought about a settlement of the disputes between Austria and Prussia, by abandoning the position previously assumed by his state in North Germany. In December following he was appointed prime minister, still retaining his place as the head of the department of foreign affairs. In January, 1852, be became president of the council of state, and in 1858 was superseded and retired to private life.
Baron Karl Rofhns Edwin, a Prussian soldier, cousin of the preceding, born in Magdeburg, Fob. 24,1809. He became aide-de-camp to the king in 1848, and rose to the rank of adjutant general, lieutenant general, and chief of the military cabinet. In 1865-6 he became con-spienous as military and civil governor of Sehleswig, by the invasion of Holstein, by his operations against Hanover, and by bis vigor-ous proceedings against the city of Frankfort. In the Franco-German war he commanded the tirst Prussian army corps before Metz, and on the capitulation of Bazaine (Oct. 27, 18T0) be commanded the first German army against the French army of the North, capturing Amiens, Rouen, and Dieppe. In January, 1871, he was placed in command of the South German troops operating against the French army of the East under Bourbaki, and afterward under Clin-cliant, which he drove across the Swiss frontier, thus ending the war. In June, 1871, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the German army of occupation, bis headquarters being at first at Compiegne, and afterward at Nancy, where he remained until the final evacuation of the French territory in 1873. He has received the rank of field marshal. - See Aus dem Leben des General-Feldmarschalh Edwin Freiherrn von Mantevffel (Berlin, 1874).