Maximilien Lamarque, count, a French general, born in St. Sever, July 22, 1770, died-in Paris, June 1, 1832. He enlisted in the army in 1791, was sent to Spain, reached the rank of captain, and joined the corps styled the colonne infernale, under the command of Latour d'Au-vergne. In 1794, at the head of 200 soldiers, he stormed Fuenterrabia, for which he was rewarded with the rank of adjutant general, and a decree of the convention declared that he had "merited well of his country." After the peace with Spain, he served under Dessolles and Moreau on the Rhine, distinguished himself at Hohenlinden, and was made a brigadier general in 1801. He afterward joined the army under Napoleon, and participated in the battle of Austerlitz. He shared in the invasion of Naples, was present at the taking of Gaeta, smothered the insurrection in Calabria, and worsted some British detachments in 1807. In the same year he was made general of division, and in 1808, under Joachim Murat, who had succeeded Joseph Bonaparte as king of Naples, he captured the island and fortress of Capri, which was defended by the English garrison under Sir Hudson Lowe. He subsequently distinguished himself at Wagrain, where he had four horses killed under him; and in Spain, where he led the rear guard when the French evacuated the Peninsula. On the return from Elba, Napoleon appointed him to the command of Paris, and sent him to the west against the royalists.

On the second restoration he was exiled and retired to Brussels, where he devoted his time to literature, art, and the education of his son. In 1818 he was allowed to return to France, and settled in his native town. In 1828 he was elected to the chamber of deputies by the department of Landes, and took his seat among the opposition. He was one of the 221 members who boldly declared against the policy of Charles X. in 1830, but after the accession of Louis Philippe opposed the ministry, and bitterly denounced the system known as that of peace at any price. His honesty of purpose, sincerity, and martial eloquence gained him great popularity. His funeral, which took place June 5, 1832, was attended by a large concourse of citizens; and the republicans took advantage of it to raise a formidable insurrection in the most populous districts of Paris. The whole army in Paris and the national guard marched against the insurgents, who yielded after nearly 48 hours of bloodshed.