Peder Andreas, a Norwegian historian, born in Christiania, Dec. 15, 1810. died in Rome, May 25, 1863. He graduated in 1834 at the university of Christiania for the civil service, but devoted himself to philology and history, and became lecturer in 1837, professor in 1841, and historiographer of the king and archivist of Norway in 1861. His principal work is Det norske Folks Historic (9 vols., Christiania, 1852-63), for the preparation of which he visited England, Scotland, and France. From 1858 to 1861 he was at work in the archives of the Vatican, and he returned to Rome shortly before his death. He also published grammars of the Runic, Old Norwegian, and Old Norse languages, and prepared several editions of Old Norse philological works.
Andreas, a Norwegian poet, cousin of the preceding, born Oct, 19, 1810. He was the son of the bishop of Christiansand, and studied jurisprudence at Christiania. He published a volume of poems in 1836 and a drama in 1837. From 1841 to 1846 he edited a journal, and from 1850 to 1860 was amanuensis in the university library. A stipend voted to him by the storthing in the latter year enabled him to devote himself to literature, and to publish collections of his poems. His Sorg og Treat (1852) has had several editions. Among his other works are Billeder fra Syd og Nord, an account of a journey to Italy (1848), and the dramas Salomon de Cans (1854), En Aften paa Gishe (1855), Lord William Russel (1857), and Hertug Skule (1863).