Nottinghamshire, Or Notts, an inland county of England, bordering on the counties of York, Lincoln, Leicester, and Derby; area, 822 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 319,956. The face of the country is generally level, with moderate undulations. The royal forest of Sherwood, the traditional scene of Robin Hood's exploits, was in this county, lying N. E. of Nottingham, and extending about 21 m. in length by a breadth varying between 7 and 9 m. A portion of this forest is still in existence, forming part of Earl Manvers's park at Thoresby, and called Birkland forest. All this tract, with the above and a few other trilling exceptions, has now been enclosed. The geological formation on which the county rests is the new red sandstone; and red marl, and its varieties of sand, gravelly sand, and red and white sandstone, constitute by far the greater part of the soil. Coal pits have been sunk to considerable depths in various places; the seams vary in thickness from 1 to 6 ft.; the coal is inferior to that of Newcastle. Gypsum is extensively worked near Newark, and a very good yellowish freestone for building and paving is obtained in various places; marl is also found throughout the county. The climate is healthy and comparatively dry. The principal crops are wheat, barley, oats, turnips, and clover.
There are excellent market gardens and some good orchards near the principal towns. The river Trent, which has a course of about 60 m. through Nottinghamshire, is a broad navigable stream bordered by level lands. There are many canals and railways. The chief manufactures are malt, paper, iron, ropes, candles, ale, earthenware, lace, and hosiery. The principal towns, besides Nottingham, the capital, are Newark, East Retford, Bingham, Mansfield, Southwell, and Worksop.