Parmigiano, Or Parmigianino, an Italian painter, whose real name was Francesco Mazzuola, or Mazzola, born in Parma in 1503 or 1504, died in Oasal Maggiore, Aug. 24,1540. In his 16th year he produced a picture of the " Baptism of Christ." His first works were in the style of Gorreggio. In his 20th year he went to Rome, where Clement VII., Cardinal Ip-polito de' Medici, and others employed him, and in 1527 he painted his "Vision of St. Jerome," now in the British national gallery. In the same year, after the sack of Rome by the constable de Bourbon, he took refuge in Bologna, where his best works were produced. Among these were the Madonna delta rosa, in the Dresden gallery; the Madonna del collo lungo, in the Pitti palace; and the famous al-tarpiece, now in the gallery at Bologna, called the Santa Margherita. In 1531 Parmigiano returned to his native city, and was commissioned to execute a series of frescoes in the church of Santa Maria della Steccata, which after a delay of several years he began but never finished. Among the figures completed is a celebrated one of Moses breaking the tables of the law.

For his failure to execute these frescoes, for which he had received a sum in advance, he was thrown into prison, but he escaped into the neighboring territory of Cremona, where he died.