The principal items of the catch were 670,437 cwt. of cod, 144,572 of scale fish (haddock, hake, and pollock), 13,600 of halibut, 240,305 barrels of mackerel, 385,700 of herring, 35,225 of ale-wives, 15,863 of shad, 60,050 of mixed fish, 13,317 of whitefish, 7,477 of trout, 7,613 of salmon, 2,017,484 lbs. of fresh salmon, 101,531 salmon in cans, 614,232 gallons of oil (mostly cod), 1,130,000 cans of lobsters, and 39,450 bushels of oysters. The value of the fisheries for the year ending June 30,1872, was $9,570,-116, viz.: Ontario, $267,633; Quebec, $1,320,-189; New Brunswick, $1,965,459; Nova Scotia, $6,016,835. The principal items for Ontario were 17,940 barrels of whitefish, 7,586 of trout, and 6,974 of herrings; Quebec, 217,-741 cwt. of cod, 29,047 barrels of herrings, and 136,529 gallons of cod oil; New Brunswick, 626 barrels and 1,474,777 lbs. of salmon, 2,049 barrels and 33,680 cans of mackerel, 89,398 barrels and 572,143 boxes (smoked) of herrings, 22,996 barrels of alewives, 6,949 of cod tongues and sounds, 3,071 of shad, 7,944 of eels, 24,620 of oysters, 81,421 quintals of cod, 19,931 of pollock, 37,442 of hake, 1,190 of haddock, 1,055,485 cans of lobsters, and 81,715 gallons of oil; Nova Scotia, 3,529 barrels and 629,525 lbs. of salmon, 115,631 barrels and 50,500 cans of mackerel, 168,513 barrels and 34,302 boxes (smoked) of herrings, 11,712 barrels of ale-wives, 4,643 of halibut, 3,867 of shad, 525,249 quintals of cod, 24,099 of pollock, 89,214 of hake, 2,422,058 cans of lobsters, and 414,419 gallons of oil.

The rivers of British Columbia swarm with salmon, and the waters of the coast abound in cod, herring, halibut, etc.; but the fishery is undeveloped. Whitefish, trout, etc, are found extensively in Manitoba and the N. W. territory, particularly in the waters that empty into Hudson bay. The imports of fish and the products thereof into the Dominion for the year ending June 30, 1872, amounted to $1,083,686, of which $41,613 were brought into Ontario, $381,982 into Quebec, $30,601 into New Brunswick, $619,243 into Nova Scotia, and $10,093 into British Columbia. Of the whole amount, $919,340 worth came from Newfoundland and Prince Edward island. The exports amounted to $4,328,332, viz.: $59,856 from Ontario, $758,890 from Quebec, $271,059 from New Brunswick, $3,-200,821 from Nova Scotia, and $37,706 from British Columbia. The principal points to which the exports were taken are the West Indies, the United States, South America, Great Britain, Italy, and Portugal. The value of fish caught in Prince Edward island in 1860 was $272,532; in 1869, $169,580, of which $110,670 were mackerel, $19,017 herring, and $39,893 cod and scale fish.

The product of the Newfoundland fisheries in 1860 has been stated at $4,440,000. The principal items of export since 1868 have been as follows:

YEARS.

Cod, quintals.

Herring, barrels.

Cod oil, gallons.

Seal oil, gallons.

Seal skins, number.

1868 ....

1,169,948

186,163

830,592

1,263,460

333,306

1869....

1,206,441

179,440

1,224,468

1,406,160

363,021

1870 ....

1,215,644

146,709

1,071,756

1,604,988

355,428

1871....

1,329,366

187,429

1,398,852

2,143,008

537,094

1872 ....

1,222,243

147,771

1,097,208

1,066,456

278,372

In 1872 there were also exported 5,049 tierces of salmon, 2,189 barrels of trout, 1,519 of other fish, 441 cwt. of halibut and haddock, 124 packages of tongues and sounds, 9,567 gallons of whale oil, 14,616 of other oil, and 26,208 of blubber. Of the cod in the above table, 303,404 quintals were exported from Labrador, and of the herring 53,780 barrels. The total value of the exports from Newfoundland in 1869 was a little less than £1,800,000; the chief markets are Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Great Britain, and the British West Indies. The population of the colony in 1869 was 146,536, of whom nine tenths are directly or indirectly engaged in the fisheries. The number of fishermen in 1873 was 32,000. The total annual value of the fisheries on the banks and off the coasts of the British North American provinces was estimated in 1869 by the United States consul at Halifax at nearly $23,000,000, viz.: provincial fisheries, nearly $12,000,000; United States, $7,000,000; French, $4,000,000.-The most comprehensive account of the fisheries of the world and of their commercial value is contained in a report of Col. Richard D. Cutts of Washington to the secretary of state on The Commerce in the Products of the Sea," made in 1869, and printed by order of the senate as executive document No. 34 of the 2d session of the 42d congress.

The statistics are for 1865. We extract several important statements from this report. The following table exhibits for 15 countries the gold value of the principal products of the sea, with the chief producing countries in the order of value:

PRODUCING COUNTRIES.

Products.

Value.

Norway, France, Newfoundland,

United states & c.........

Codfish.....

$20,730,249

Norway, Great Britain. Russia, etc.

Herring...

17,066,406

United' States. Great Britain. etc....

Whale oil..

6,057,967

United States, Nova Scotia, France, etc...............

Mackerel

4,689,68

Norway. France. United States, etc.

Cod-liver oil.

8.449,896

France. Italy, Spain. etc............

Sardines....

2,60,000

Great Britain, Holland, Nova Scotia, etc..............................

Salmon.....

1,852,734

United States. Great Britain, etc........

Whalebone..

1,407,389

Newfoundland, Norway. etc........

Seal oil.....

757,838

Great Britian..........................

Pilchards...

375,000

Another table shows the annual value of the sea fisheries of 22 countries, with the total annual consumption and that per capita:

COUNTRIES.

Value of product.

Annual consumption.

Per capita.

Norway..........

$13,625,415

$1,000,000

$0 00

France...................

12,807,113

9,845,786

26

United states...............

8,898,196

8,797,955

25

Great Britain.............

7,803,870

9,429,431

32

Russia..................

5,745,000

8,659,568

11

Newfoundland...........

5,600,000

244,893

2 00

Nova Scotia..........

3,476,462

374,770

1 12

Holland.................

8,100,000

3,105,620

83

Italy...................

3,048,000

5,426,976

24

Spain..............

3,000,000

5,496,825

35

Japan.........

2,500,000

2,302,635

07

Austria..............

1,750,000

2,813,303

08

Siam........................

1,600,000

l,177,708

10

Canada.......................

1,225,000

1,096,770

41

Denmark...............

1,109,000

1,027,991

38

German Zolverein.........

1,000,000

5.500,056

15

Sweden.................

1,000,000

3,120,449

70

Portugal................

800,000

1,695,693

43

New Brunswick.........

500,000

192,570

70

Belgium................

450,000

1,359,099

27

Prince Edward island..........

400,000

100,085

1 24

Greece.....................

250,000

325,000

30

Total...............

$79,688,264

$73,159,183

$0 20

If to this total the product of Turkey, Brazil, Australia, China, etc, were added, the sum would be increased to $90,000,000 as the annual value of those products of the sea fisheries which are the subject of statistical record. The products of the seas, rivers, and lakes of the United Kingdom, consumed without record in England, have been estimated at more than $8,000,000 annually; the river herring, shad, whitefish, oysters, etc, sold in the coast and lake fish markets of the United States are valued at over $7,000,000; and the interior fisheries of Russia in Europe at $6,000,000. Similar estimates for other countries would produce an aggregate of $30,000,000, making a total of $120,000,000 as the annual value of the fisheries, maritime and inland, of the world. The returns of 10 of the countries included in the above table embrace 80,883 vessels and boats, with an aggregate tonnage of 551,456, and 309,682 men; and it is estimated that 450,000 men are directly engaged in the fisheries of the whole 22. The annual value of the commerce in products of the sea fisheries as shown by the returns of 48 countries and dependencies is over $41,000,000. The following table exhibits the imports, exports, and balance of trade in fishery products of the principal nations: