Louis De Buade Fhontenac, count de, a French governor of Canada, born about 1620, died in Quebec in November, 1G98. He entered the army at the age of 17, served in Italy, Flanders, and Germany, and in 1669 in Candia. He was appointed governor general of Canada by Louis XIV., and arrived in September, 1672. He was a man of ability and courage, active and full of resource, but apt to be arbitrary and prejudiced. One of his first steps was to build Fort Catarocoui or Fronte-nac on Lake Ontario, to keep the Iroquois in check. He sent Marquette and Joliet to explore the Mississippi, and was the constant patron of La Salle; but he became involved with the intendant Duchesneau, and with the ecclesiastical authorities, who opposed the liquor trade among the Indians. He was accordingly recalled in 1682; but when Canada had been brought to the verge of ruin under the administrations of De la Barre and Denonville, Fron-tenac was again sent out in 1689. He took part in the proposed expedition against New England and New York, and set to work with energy to carry the war into the British colonies, attacking them at Hudson bay and by series of war parties, carrying Fort Pemaquid in Maine, Schenectady, Salmon Falls, Casco, and other frontier towns and posts.

He completed his vigorous campaign by the repulse of the land and naval force under Sir William Phips before Quebec in 1690. He afterward sent a force into the Mohawk territory and humbled that tribe, restored Fort Frontenac, which had been abandoned and destroyed, and again revived the French influence among the Indian tribes. As this failed to bring the cantons to peace, he led an army in person in 1696 to the heart of New York, laying waste Onondaga and Oneida. Iberville at the same time reconquered most of Newfoundland, and then sailing to Hudson bay defeated an English fleet and reduced the English posts. Having thus restored the fallen fortunes of France in America, Frontenac died soon after, and was buried in the church of the Recollect fathers, to whom he was greatly attached. On the destruction of the church his body was removed to the cathedral of Quebec in 1696. His wife, a daughter of Lagrange Trianon, was one of the famous beauties of the court, and seems to have entertained a strong dislike to her husband, being reported to have used her influence to secure his reappointment to get him out of France. She died in 1707. Park-man devotes a volume of his "History of the French Dominion in America to a full account of the career of Count Frontenac.