Orache, or Atriplex, L. a genus of plants, comprising seventeen species ; of which the follow-ing are the principal, and indigenous :
1. The portulacoides, Shrub-by-Orache, or Sea-Purslane ; growing on sea-shores : flowering in the months of July and August.—It may be easily propagated from cuttings ; as it requires but little culture, and thrives well if planted in a poor gravelly soil, w here it seldom attains above two and a half, or three feet in height, and becomes very bushy : hence it is well adapted for gardens, among other low shrubs, where it displays a very pleasing appearance.—Being a marine vegetable, its ashes contain a large proportion of alkaline salt, and may, therefore, be usefully substituted for soap.
2. The hastata, Wild Orache, Fat-hen, or Lame's Quarters, which grows on rubbish, dunghills, and in kitchen-gardens : it flowers in the months of August and September.—This plant is sometimes used as a substitute for spinach and other greens, though it is not relished by cows, goats, sheep, or swine.
3. The laciniata, or Frosted-orache, which thrives on seashores, and flowers in July or August.—The fruit of this annual plant contains a viscid yellow juice which, according to Schoepf, a respectable German writeron pharmacy, possesses similar properties with the exotic drug, termed Gum' mi-Guttae. Hence it may be substituted for the latter, as a very powerful purgative in cases, where aqueous humours are to be evacuated ; namely, in obstinate quartan agues, the humid asthma, melancholy, and especially in the dropsy : it may be given in conserves, pills, or powders, from four to eight grains for a dose.