Rule 12 - Removal Of Loose Impediments

I. Any loose impediment lying within a club length of the ball and not being in or touching a hazard, may be removed without penalty; if the ball move after any such loose impediment has been touched by the player, his partner, or either of their caddies, the player shall be deemed to have caused the ball to move, and the penalty shall be one stroke.

2. A loose impediment lying more than a club length from the ball may not be moved under penalty of the loss of the hole, unless the loose impediment lie on the putting-green [see Rule 28 (I)].

Ball Accidentally Moved

3. When a ball is in play, if a player, or his partner, or either of their caddies, accidentally move his or their ball, or by touching anything cause it to move, the penalty shall be one stroke.

Ball Moving after Club Grounded

4. If a ball in play move after the player has grounded his club in the act of addressing it, or if a ball in play being in a hazard move after the player has taken his stance to play it, he shall be deemed to have caused it to move, and the penalty shall be one stroke.

Note.-If the player has lifted a loose impediment [see Rules 12 (I) and 28 (I)]

Rules Of Golf and the ball has not moved until the player has grounded his club, he shall only be deemed to have caused the ball to move under Section 4 of this Rule, and the penalty shall be one stroke.

Rule 13 - Playing A Moving Ball

A player shall not play while his ball is moving, under the penalty of the loss of the hole, except in the case of a teed ball (Rule 2), or a ball struck twice (Rule 14), or a ball in water (Rule 26). When the ball only begins to move while the player is making his backward or forward swing, he shall incur no penalty under this Rule, but he is not exempted from the provisions of Rule 12 (1) or Rule 28 (1) and of Rule 12 (3) and (4).

Rule 14 - Striking Ball Twice

If a player, when making a stroke, strike the ball twice, the penalty shall be one stroke, but he shall incur no further penalty by reason of his having played while his ball was moving.

Rule 15 - Moving Or Bending Fixed Or Growing Objects

Before striking at a ball in play, a player shall not move, bend, or break anything fixed or growing, except so far as is necessary to enable him fairly to take his stance in addressing the ball, or in making his backward or forward swing. The club may only be grounded lightly, and not pressed on the ground.

The penalty for a breach of this Rule shall be the loss of the hole.

Rule 16 - Balls Within A Club Length Of Each Other

When the balls lie within a club length of each other through the green or in a hazard, the ball lying nearer to the hole may, at the option of either the player or the opponent, be lifted until the other ball is played, and shall then be replaced as near as possible to the place where it lay.

If either ball be accidentally moved in complying with this Rule, no penalty shall be incurred, and the ball so moved shall be replaced. If the lie of the lifted ball be altered in playing the other ball, the lifted ball may be placed as near as possible to the place where it lay and in a lie similar to that which it originally occupied.

Rule 17 - Moving Ball Stopped

I. If a ball in motion be stopped or deflected

Rules Of Golf by any agency outside the match, or by a forecaddie, it is a rub of the green, and the ball shall be played from the spot where it lies.

Ball Lodging in Anything Moving

2. If a ball lodge in anything moving, a ball shall be dropped, or, if on the putting-green, placed, as near as possible to the place where the object was when the ball lodged in it, without penalty.

Ball at Rest Displaced by Outside Agency

3. If a ball at rest be displaced by any agency outside the match, except wind, the player shall drop a ball as near as possible to the place where it lay, without penalty; and if the ball be displaced on the putting-green, it shall be replaced without penalty.

Rule 18 - Ball Striking Opponent, Etc.

If a player's ball strike, or be stopped, or be moved by an opponent or an opponent's caddie or clubs, the opponent shall lose the hole, except as provided for in Rule 22 (3) and Rule 33.

Rule 19 - Ball Striking The Player, Etc.

If a player's ball strike or be stopped by himself, or his partner, or either of their caddies or their clubs, his side shall lose the hole.

Rule 20 - Playing Opponent's Ball

I. If a player play the opponent's ball, his side shall lose the hole, unless (a) The opponent then play the player's ball, in which case the penalty is cancelled, and the hole shall be played out with the balls thus exchanged.

(6) The mistake occur through wrong information given by an opponent or his caddie, in which case there shall be no penalty; if the mistake be discovered before the opponent has played, it shall be rectified by dropping a ball as near as possible to the place where the opponent's ball lay.

On the putting-green the ball shall be replaced.

Playing Ball Outside the Match

2. If a player play a stroke with the ball of any one not engaged in the match, and the mistake be discovered and intimated to his opponent before his opponent has played his next stroke, there shall be no penalty; if the mistake be not discovered and so intimated until after the opponent has played his next stroke, the player's side shall lose the hole.

Rule 21 - Ball Lost

If a ball be "lost," except in water, casual water, or out of bounds, the player's side shall lose the hole, unless it is afterwards discovered that the opponent's ball is also lost, when the hole shall be halved.

Rule 22 - Looking For Ball In Bent, Etc.

I. If a ball lie in fog, bent, bushes, long grass, or the like, only so much thereof shall be touched as will enable the player to find his ball.

Looking for Ball in Sand

2. If a ball be completely covered by sand, only so much thereof may be removed as will enable the player to see the top of the ball; if the ball be touched in removing the sand, no penalty shall be incurred.

Accidentally Moved by Opponent in Search

3. If a player or his caddie when searching for an opponent's ball accidentally touch or move it, no penalty shall be incurred, and the ball, if moved, shall be replaced.

The penalty for a breach of this Rule shall be the loss of the hole.

Rule 23 - Ball Out Of Bounds

I. If a ball lie out of bounds, the player shall play his next stroke as nearly as possible at the spot from which the ball which is out of bounds was played. If the ball was played out of bounds from the teeing - ground, the player may tee a ball for his next stroke; in every other case the ball shall be dropped.

Provisional Ball Played

2. If a player after making a stroke be doubtful whether his ball is out of bounds or not, he may play another ball as provided for in par. I of this Rule; but if it be discovered that the first ball is not out of bounds, it shall continue in play without penalty.

On reaching the place where the first ball is likely to be, if the player or his opponent be still in doubt, the player is not entitled to presume that the first ball is out of bounds till he has made a search of five minutes.

Ascertaining Location of Ball

3. A player has the right at any time of ascertaining whether his opponent's ball is out of bounds or not, before his opponent can compel him to continue his play.

Standing Out of Bounds

4. A player may stand out of bounds to play a ball lying within bounds.

Rule 24 - Ball Unfit For Play

If a ball split into separate pieces, another ball may be dropped where any piece lies. If a ball crack or become unfit for play, the player may change it on intimating to his opponent his intention to do so. Mud adhering to a ball shall not be considered as making it unfit for play.