1. A "side" consists either of one player or of two players. If one player play against another, the match is called "a single." If two play against two, each side playing one ball, the match is called "a foursome." If one play against two playing one ball between them, the match is called "a threesome."
2. "Advice" is any counsel or suggestion which could influence a player in determining the line of play, in the choice of a club, or in the method of making a stroke.
3. The "course" is the whole area within which play is permitted; more particularly, it is the ground between the holes which is specially prepared for play.
4. The "teeing-ground" is the starting-place for a hole. The front of each teeingpractical G O L F ground shall be indicated by two marks placed in a line as nearly as possible at right angles to the line of play, and the teeing-ground shall include a rectangular space of the depth of two club lengths directly behind the line indicated by the two marks.
6. A "hazard" is any bunker, water (except casual water), sand, path, road, ditch, bush, or rushes. Sand blown on to the grass, or sprinkled on the course for its preservation, bare patches, sheep-tracks, snow, and ice are not hazards.
7. "Casual water" is any temporary accumulation of water (whether caused by rainfall, flooding, or otherwise) which is not one of the ordinary and recognized hazards of the course.
8. "Out of bounds" is all ground on which play is prohibited.
Ball, When Out of Bounds
9. A ball is "out of bounds" when the greater part of it lies within a prohibited area.
10. The "putting-green" is all ground, except hazards, within twenty yards of the hole.
11. The hole shall be 41/4 inches in diameter, and at least 4 inches deep. If a metal lining be used, it shall be sunk below the lip of the hole and its outer diameter shall not exceed 41/4 inches.
12. The term "loose impediments" denotes any obstructions not fixed or growing, and includes dung, worm-casts, mole-hills, snow, and ice.
13. A "stroke" is the forward movement of the club made with the intention of striking the ball, or any contact between the head of the club and the ball resulting in movement of the ball, except in the case of a ball accidentally knocked off a tee [Rule 2
14. A "penalty stroke" is a stroke added to the score of a side under certain rules, and does not affect the rotation of play.
15. The side which plays off first from a teeing - ground is said to have the "honor."
16. In "teeing' the ball may be placed on the ground, or on sand or other substance, in order to raise it off the ground.
17. A player has "addressed the ball" when he has taken his stance and grounded his club, or, if in a hazard, when he has taken his stance preparatory to striking at the ball.
18. A ball is "in play" as soon as the player has made a stroke at a teeing - ground, and it remains in play until holed out, except when lifted in accordance with the rules.
19. A ball is deemed to "move" if it leave its original position in the least degree; but it is not considered to "move" if it merely oscillate and come to rest in its original position.
20. A ball is "lost" if it be not found within five minutes after the search for it has begun.
21. The reckoning of strokes is kept by the terms, "the odd" "two more," "three more," etc., and "one off three," "one off two," "the like." The reckoning of holes is kept by the terms, so many "holes up," or "all even," and so many "to play."
A side is said to be "dormie" when it is as many holes up as there are holes remaining to be played.