An'tioch, the ancient capital of the Greek kings of Syria, and long the chief city in Asia, lies in a fertile and beautiful plain, on the left bank of the river Orontes, 14 miles from the sea. In the time of Antiochus the Great, and under the Roman emperors of the first three centuries, it contained 500,000 inhabitants, and vied in splendour with Rome itself. It was one of the earliest strongholds of Christianity - indeed, it was here that the name Christians was first used. Its downfall dates from the 5th century; and the modern Antakieh, which forms a portion of Syria, in the province of Aleppo, has a population of only 17,500, mostly Turks employed in silk-culture, eel-fishing, and in the production of corn and oil. It exhibits almost no traces of its former grandeur, except the ruins of the walls built by Justinian, and of a fortress erected by the Crusaders. - Antioch, in Pisidia, founded also by Nicator, was declared a free city by the Romans in the 2d century b.c. It was often visited by St Paul.