Channel Islands, a group of small islands off the NW. coast of France, which from the 10th century formed part of the old duchy of Normandy, and since the Norman Conquest has remained subject to the British crown. The nearest points are about 12 miles from the French coast. The four principal islands are Jersey, Alderney, Bark, and Guernsey; others being the Caskets (or Casquets), Burhou, Brecqhou, Jethou, Herm, the Minquiers, and the Chausseys. The area is 75 sq. m., the population over 95,000. The islands are administered according to their own laws and customs, and are not bound by British acts of parliament. Jersey has its own lieutenant-governor, judges, and 'states' partly elective; Guernsey, Alderney, and Bark have a governor in common, but separate administrations. English predominates in the towns; elsewhere the vernacular is a local modification of old Norman-French. The scenery is beautiful, the climate delightful to invalids. Frost and snow are rare. Flowering plants and shrubs are about a fortnight earlier in the spring than in England. The produce of the islands is principally agricultural; but horticulture and floriculture are successfully followed - the latter especially in Guernsey. The system of cultivation is very primitive. The principal manure is seaweed. A great quantity is burned for the manufacture of kelp and iodine. The principal crops are potatoes, hay, wheat, turnips, mangel-wurzel, parsnips, and carrots. The Channel Islands are famous for excellent breeds of horned cattle, usually known as 'Alderneys,' though each island has its own special type. The other main articles of exportation are granite, fruit, and early potatoes. See The Channel Islands, by Wimbush and Carey (1904).