Juggernaut, or Puri, a town on the coast of Orissa, at the southern end of the delta of the Mahanadi, celebrated as one of the chief holy places in India. With a resident pop. of 50,000, it owes its reputation to a temple erected there in honour of Vishnu, and containing an idol of this Hindu god, called Jagannath or Juggernaut, a corruption of the Sanskrit word Jagan-natha - i.e. Lord of the World. The first historical mention of him is in 318 a.d. The place, too, was long a sacred city of the Buddhists, the abode of the Golden Tooth of Buddha. The great festivals sometimes bring 100,000 pilgrims. The temple enclosure comprises 120 temples, the chief pagoda being that of Jagannath, with a tower 192 feet high. There are twenty-four annual festivals in his honour, the chief being the car festival, when Jagannath (who is armless) is dragged on his car (45 feet high, with sixteen wheels, each 7 feet in diameter) to his country-house. This is less than a mile distant from the temple, but the heavy sand extends the short journey to several days. The car festival has been falsely believed to be the occasion of numer- Ous cases of self-immolation, the frantic devotees throwing themselves before the wheels. See Sir W. W. Hunter's work on Orissa (1872).