Bobbin Winder

An attachment on the arm of the machine near the balance wheel, upon which the bobbin is placed; the end of thread from the spool is wound around the bobbin and then the winder is pressed down against the strap, and the machine operated in the usual way to fill the bobbin with thread. Before starting the machine, a thumb-screw or lever in the center of the balance wheel must be turned so as to break the connections between the balance wheel and other parts of the machine, and prevent wear and tear of needle and feed while the bobbin is being wound.

Treadle, upon which feet are placed when running the machine.

Band-wheel, which holds the leather band or strap by means of which the power is transmitted from the treadle to the balance wheel at the right of the arm of the machine above the table; thence the power is transmitted by means of a shaft to the shuttle or looper beneath the cloth plate; other connections carry the power to the tension, pull off, take up and needle bar.

Pitman, rod connecting treadle with band wheel.

Use Of Machine

When learning to use a sewing machine one should first practice "treadling" to do this do not have any thread on the machine (or at least do not leave the thread in the eye of the needle), and have the presser-foot up. Place both feet on the treadle, start the machine by moving the balance wheel, and then try to keep the machine in motion by moving the feet up and down on the treadle. Do not press hard with the feet, let them ride easily on the treadle; practice until an even motion is acquired. Then take a long strip of paper (newspaper answers very well) ; place it beneath the needle, lower the presser foot, and still without thread in the needle, make a line of stitching in the paper, guiding the paper with the left hand so that the edge of the paper or the printed column runs an even distance from the side of the presser-foot, thus making a straight line of stitching. When a straight line has been obtained, thread the needle and try again, using a piece of cloth, plain or striped. Now take the machine instruction book, study out the directions for threading the upper and under thread and the correct way of starting and finishing or fastening a line of stitching. When proficient in plain stitching, study out the use of each attachment.

Take good care of your sewing machine; clean thoroughly once each week, using a small stiff brush to clean out around the feed, where lint from materials collects; and oil with a good grade of machine oil. If the machine is in constant use it should have a few drops of oil each night before closing.

Suggestive Questions

1. For what purpose should a girl learn to make undergarments ?

2. Name four processes involved in garment construction.

3. Name and explain the use of six parts of a sewing machine.

4. What equipment would you suggest for a sewing-room at home?

5. Name and describe three methods of finishing the necks of corset covers.

6. When designing undergarments, what points should be considered ?

7. What is your idea of a daintily trimmed suit of underwear?

8. Calculate the quantity and cost of materials for a set of underwear with simple decoration. Describe the same.

9. What arguments can you mention in favor of plain undergarments?