Where a plaintiff has recovered judgment and execution has been issued, or may be immediately issued, a payment or settlement made by the defendant in satisfaction of the judgment is obviously coerced, but as the coercion is legal and the judgment establishes conclusively the plaintiff's right, the payment or settlement cannot be avoided, though it afterwards appears that the plaintiff's claim was unfounded.69 What has been said does not, however, apply to a judgment which is totally void, and a transaction coerced by such a judgment is voidable;70 but money voluntarily paid even on a void judgment cannot be recovered.71 Where a valid judgment is reversed by an appellate court after payment has been made, it seems that if the appellate proceedings had not operated as a supersedeas, so that the creditor unless paid could levy on the debtor's property, a payment or settlement might be so far coerced as to be recoverable after the reversal of the judgment.72

M. & G. 253; Great Western R. v. Sutton, L. R. 4 H. L. 226; Lancashire Ac. R. v. Gidlow, L. R. 7 H. L. 517, 527; Mobile, etc., Ry. Co. v. Steiner, 61 Ala. 559; Chicago, etc., R. Co. v. Chicago, etc., Coal Co., 79 111. 121; Lafayette, etc., R. Co. v. Pattison, 41 Ind. 312; Indiana, etc., Gas Co. v. Anthony, 26 Ind. App. 307, 58 N. E. 868; Chamberlain v. Reed, 13 Me. 357, 29 Am. Dec. 506; Fargusson v. Wins-low, 34 Minn. 334, 25 N. W. 942; Panton v. Duluth Gas, etc., Co., 50 Minn. 175, 52 N. W. 527, 36 Am. St Rep. 635; Westlake v. St. Louis, 77 Mo. 47, 46 Am. St. Rep. 4; St. Louis Brewing Assoc, v. St. Louis, 140 Mo. 419, 37 8. W. 525, 41 S. W. 911; Baldwin v. Liverpool & G. W. S. Co., 74 N. Y. 125,30 Am. Rep. 277; Monongahela Nav. Co. v. Wood, 194 Pa. 47, 45 AtL 73; Beckwith v. Frisbie, 32 Vt. 559; Guetskow v. Breese, 96 Wis. 591, 72 N. W. 45, 65 Am. St. Rep. S3. The Interstate Commerce Act has not barred the shipper's right to recover from, a carrier an illegal charge on an interstate shipment; Pine Tree Lumber Co. v. Chicago, etc., R. Co., 123 La. 583, 49 So. 202, unless the decision that the charge is illegal involves a determination of matters within the exclusive control of the Interstate Commerce Commission. Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Puritan Coal Mining Co., 237 U. S. 121, 59 L. Ed. 867, 35 Sup. Ct. 484; Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Sonman Shaft Coal Co., 242 U. S. 120, 124,61 L. Ed. 188, 37 Sup. Ct. Rep. 46.

66 Kilpatrick v. Germania life Ins. Co., 183 N. Y. 163, 75 N. E. 1124, 2 L. R. A. (N. S.) 574, 111 Am. St. Rep. 722.

67 Joannin v Ogilvie, 49 Minn. 564,52 N. W. 217, 32 Am. St. Rep. 581. See also Whitcomb v. Harris, 90 Me. 206, 38 Atl. 138; First Nat. Bank v. Sar-geant, 65 Neb. 594, 91 N. W. 595, 59 L. R. A. 296.

68 See Snyder v. Rosenbaum, 215 U. & 261, 30 S. Ct. 73, 54 L Ed. 186, 30 Sup. Ct. 73; Whitt v. Blount, 124 Ga. 671, 53 S. E. 205; Vyne v. Glenn, 41 Mich. 112, 1 N. W. 997; Puerst v. Musical, etc., Union, 95 N. Y. S. 155; Guetzkow Bros. Co. v. Breese, 96 Wis. 591, 72 N. W. 45, 65 Am. St. Rep. 83. Cf. Matthews v. William Frank Brewing Co., 26 N. Y. Misc. 46, 55 N. Y. S. 241.