Where legislative services bargained for or performed are in part illegal, and in part legal, the rule generally applicable to partly illegal contracts prevails, and no recovery can be had for the legal portion of the services.65 Where, however, a contract has been induced by bribery or improper solicitation of officials, though the government or corporation for whom the official was acting may rescind the contract for fraud,66 yet it cannot avoid payment for the fair value of anything it actually receives under the contract, if the contract itself was not illegal, and the only flaw was the improper inducement to enter into it.67 This is in accordance with the general rule in regard to the rescission of contracts induced by fraud.68

64 Ex parte Milner, 15 Q. B. D. 605; Kullman v. Greenebaum, 92 Cal. 403, 28 Pac. 674, 27 Am. St. Rep. 150 (advantage given by third person); Morrison v. Schlesinger, 10 Ind. App. 665, 38 N. E. 493; Bank of Commerce v. Hoeber, 88 Mo. 37, 57 Am. Rep. 359; Solinger v. Earle, 82 N. Y. 303 (advantage given by third person). See also Coleman v. Waller, 3 Younge & J. 212; Knight v. Hunt, 5 Bing. 432; Batchelder & Lincoln Co. v. Whitmore, 122 Fed. 355, 58 C. C. A. 517; Brown v. Nealley, 161 Mass. 1, 36 N. E. 464; Vanderhoef v. Youmans, 85 N. Y. Misc. 418, 147 N. Y. S. 347. CJ. Continental Nat. Bank v. McGeoch, 92 Wis. 286, 66 N. W. 606. If the debtor is ignorant of an advantage given by a third person to one creditor, other creditors cannot avoid the composition. Martin v. Adams, 81 Hun, 9, 30 N.Y.S.523. See also Ex parte Milner, 15 Q. B. D. 605; Bank of Commerce v. Hoeber, 88 Mo. 37, 44, 57 Am. Rep. 359.

64a Mallalieu v. Hodgson, 16 Q. B. 689; Ex parte Phillips; Re Harvey, 36 Weekly Rep. 567; Mayhew v. Boyes, 103 L. T. (N. S.) 1. But see contra, Batchelder & Lincoln Co. v. Whitmore, 122 Fed. 355, 58 C. C. A. 517.

64b Batchelder & Lincoln Co. p. Whitmore, 122 Fed. 355, 58 C. C. A. 517.

65 Trist v. Child, 21 Wall. 441, 22 L Ed. 623; Gibbe v. Consolidated Gas Co., 130 U. S. 396, 32 L. Ed. 979, 9 S. Ct. Rep. 553; Haselton v. SheckeQs, 202 U. S. 71, 50 L. Ed. 939, 26 S. Ct 567; McBratney v. Chandler, 22 Kans. 692, 31 Am. Rep. 213.