The various clauses of the English statute are generally reenacted in the United States, and slight changes in wording are not generally treated as varying the meaning of a provision.7 The provision relating to sales of goods is omitted more frequently from the statutes of American States than any other.8 Besides the contracts enumerated in the Statute of Frauds a writing is generally requisite for the enforceability of a new promise to extend the Statute of Limitations,9 and in some States is requisite for contracts to revive a debt barred by bankruptcy 9a or to make a will or leave a legacy, or for the authorization of agents for some purposes,10 and in a few States an agreement for the commissions of real estate brokers must be written.11 The acceptance of a bill of exchange must gena personal liability on the executor or administrator. It might seem that if the estate was without assets from which the executor or administrator could reimburse himself, such a contract was within the words of the statute,16 but there is clearly no suretyship for the estate even in such a case, since the executor or administrator is the primary or only debtor.17 Still more clearly a promise to pay from the assets of the estate cannot be within the statute.18
7 But see infra, Sec.Sec. 526, 520. 8 See infra, Sec. 605.
9 See supra, Sec. 164. 9a See supra, Sec. 158.
10See supra, Sec. 276.
11See 9 L. R. A, (N. S.) 983, 13 Ann. Cas. 977. A difference in the effect of this provision and that of erally be in writing; 12 and assignments of vessels, patents and copyrights, wages and ocasionally other kinds of contracts are often required by statute to be in writing in order to be completely effective.