(a) Put into 4 lb. clear water 1 oz. pure curd soap, grated and dissolved in a well-glazed earthen vessel - then add 1 oz. white beeswax, cut into thin slices; when the whole is incorporated it is fit for use. Having well dried the figure before the fire, suspend it by a twine, and dip it once in the varnish; upon taking it out, the moisture will appear to have been absorbed in 2 minutes time; stir the compost, and dip the figure a second time; this generally suffices. Cover it carefully from the dust for a week; then, with soft muslin rag, or cotton wool, rub the figure gently, when a most brilliant gloss will be produced.

(6) Take skimmed milk, and with a camel-hair pencil lay over the model till it will imbibe no more. Shake or blow off any that remains on the surface, and lay the figure in a place perfectly free from dust; when dry, it will look like polished marble. If the milk is not carefully skimmed it will not answer the purpose.

(c) Fuse 1/2 oz. of tin, with the same quantity of bismuth, in a crucible; when melted, add 1/2 oz. mercury; when perfectly combined, take the mixture from the fire and cool it. This substance, mixed with the white of an egg, forms a beautiful varnish for plaster of Paris casts.

(d) Of stearine and Venetian soap each 2 parts; pear lash, 1; the stearine and soap cut small and mixed with 30 part solution of caustic potash, boiled for 1/2 hour, stirring continually. Add the pearlash dissolved in a little rain water, and boil a few minutes; stir until cold, and mix with more lye until it is quite liquid; keep well covered up. Remove all dust and stains from the plaster, and apply the wash as long as it is absorbed. When dry, rub with a soft leather or brush. Should the surface not shine, apply another coat. This composition may be preserved for years.

(e) Coat with melted white wax, and place them before a fire until the wax is absorbed; a considerable polish can then be obtained by friction.

(f) First make very smooth and free from grit with glass-paper or otherwise; oil with linseed oil; when dry, French polish in the usual way. If a bust, or anything similar, required to be white, make smooth, size with white size, and varnish with white hard varnish.