One of the various objections to primary sewing has been the difficulty in preparing useful and interesting work. The "Educational Sewing Squares" meet this difficulty. The designs are representations of objects and geometric forms, and in the sewing of them, the child not only learns the stitches, but becomes familiar with the forms. The child's eye and hand are trained by following the stitches which are plainly marked on the cloth, and thus the pupil is prepared for free-hand sewing. The work is progressive; and the squares, when finished, may be sewed together for a doll's table-covering or bed-spread.

Fig. 130.

Fig. 130. - Hemming.

The "Educational Sewing Squares" consist of a sheet of white cotton cloth, twenty-one by thirty-six inches, on which are stamped thirty-two designs, each design being in a four-inch square. At the sides are strips for hemming and overhanding (for samples of which see Figures 130 and 131); lines for cutting, folding, creasing and basting are marked on each strip. At the upper side are four-holed buttons (Fig. 132). Above the strip of buttons is the title of the squares; to strengthen the cloth this should be folded under and basted, before sewing the buttons.

Fig. 131.

Fig. 131. - Overhanding.

The squares are to be cut on the dash-lines. The edges of the first twenty-two squares are marked for overcasting (pages 204-214); the edges of the next two squares are for blanket-stitching (page 215); the next four squares may be either overcast or blanket-stitched (pages 216-217); and the last four squares are for free-hand sewing. The designs are to be sewed either by running or by stitching; there are three sizes of each stitch, the aim being progression.

Fig. 132.

Fig. 132. - Buttons.