Usually low annual biennial or perennial caulescent herbs, with prostrate or erect stems. Leaves alternate, sinuate or pinnatifid. Flowers perfect, yellow, axillary, or sometimes in terminal spikes, nocturnal; buds erect. Calyx-tube elongated, sometimes filiform, terete; calyx-segments 4, finally reflexed, deciduous. Petals 4, spreading. Stamens 8, equal in length; filaments filiform; anthers linear. Ovary 4-celled, elongated; united styles filiform; stigma deeply 4-cleft; ovules numerous, in 2 rows, ascending. Capsules usually narrowly cylindric, sometimes slightly tapering, spreading or ascending, obtusely 4-angled, loculicidal. Seeds numerous, in 2 rows, terete, crowned by a tubercle. [Name in honor of Rud. Raimann, a monographer of this family.]

About 20 species, in North and South America. Type species: Raimannia lacinlata (Hill) Rose. Flowers axillary.

Silvery-pubescent with appressed or ascending hairs; seeds striate.


R. humifusa.

Glabrous or sparingly hirsute-pubescent; seeds Oitted.


R. laciniata.

Flowers in terminal bracted spikes.


R. rhombipetala.

I. Raimannia Humif¨sa (Nutt.) Rose. Seaside Evening-Primrose

Fig. 3042

Oenothera humifusa Nutt. Gen. 1: 245. 1818.

Oenothera sinuata var. humifusa T. & G. Fl. N. A. 1: 494. 1840.

Raimannia humifusa Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. 8: 331. 1905.

Spreading and decumbent or ascending, branched from the base and usually also above, silvery-pubescent with white appressed or ascending hairs; stems 8'-18' long. Leaves lanceolate to oblanceolate, sessile or narrowed into a petiole, acutish or sometimes obtuse at the apex, ą-2' long, repand-denticulate, the lower pinnatifid; flowers axillary, yellow, nocturnal, 6"-15" broad; calyx-lobes linear, obtusish, shorter than the tube, somewhat spreading; capsule linear, 6"-12" long, about 1 1/2" thick, very pubescent; seeds striate longitudinally.

On sea-beaches, New Jersey to Florida. Bermuda. June-Sept.

I Raimannia Humif Sa Nutt Rose Seaside Evening Pri 1384

2. Raimannia LaciniÓta (Hill) Rose. Cut-Leaved Evening-Primrose

Fig. 3043

Oenothera lacmiata Hill. Veg. Syst. 12: 64. 1767. Oenothera sinuata L. Mant. 2: 228. 1771.

Oe. minima Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 262. pl. 15. 1814.

R. laciniata Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. 8: 330. 1905.

Decumbent or ascending, simple or sometimes branched, 4'-2 1/2° high, glabrous or sparingly hirsute-pubescent. Leaves sessile or the lower petioled, oval-lanceolate or oblanceolate, acute or obtusish at the apex, sinuate-dentate or often pinnatifid, 1'-2' long; flowers axillary (or on small plants sometimes solitary and terminal), 6"-2' broad; calyx-lobes linear-lanceolate, reflexed, much shorter than the slender tube; capsule linear, 1'-1 1/2' long, about 1" thick, more or less pubescent, straight or curved upward; seeds strongly pitted.

In sandy dry soil, southern New Jersey to Pennsylvania, Illinois and South Dakota, Florida, Texas and Mexico, extending into South America. Bermuda. May-June. Naturalized in Vermont.

Raimannia grÓndis (Britton) Rose, with large flowers, found from Missouri and Kansas to Texas, is probably a race of this species.

2 Raimannia Lacini Ta Hill Rose Cut Leaved Evening 1385