3. Raimannia Rhombipètala (Nutt.) Rose. Rhombic Evening-Primrose

Fig. 3044

Oenothera rhombipetala Nutt.; T. & G. Fl. N. A. I: 493. 1840.

R. rhombipetala Rose, Contr. Nat. Herb. 8: 330. 1905.

Erect, simple or rarely branched, finely and densely appressed pubescent, 2°-4° high. Leaves linear-lanceolate, sessile and rounded at the base or the lower narrowed into petioles, acuminate at the apex, remotely denticulate, 2-4' long; flowers in terminal, leafy-bracted spikes, yellow, nocturnal, 1'-2' broad, calyx-lobes linear, reflexed, canescent, shorter than the very slender tube; petals rhombic-obovate; capsule columnar, curved upward, pubescent, 6"-8" long, about 1" thick; seeds obovoid, tuberculate at the top.

On prairies, Minnesota to Indiana, Nebraska and Texas. June-July.

3 Raimannia Rhombip Tala Nutt Rose Rhombic Evening 1386

9. ÁNOGRA Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat. (II.) 4: 164. 1835.

Low caulescent herbs. Stems often clothed with a papery bark. Leaves alternate, entire or usually pinnatifid. Buds drooping; flowers perfect, white or pink, usually axillary, diurnal. Calyx-tube elongated, gradually enlarged upward, calyx-segments narrow, finally reflexed, the acute tips free or united in the bud. Stamens 8, equal in length; filaments filiform; anthers linear. Ovary elongated, 4-celled; united styles filiform; stigma deeply 4-cleft; ovules numerous, in 1 row, ascending. Capsules elongated, spreading or ascending, 4-angled, loculicidal. Seeds ascending, in 1 row, terete. [Anagram of Onagra.]

About 10 species, chiefly in southern North America. Type species: Anogra Douglasiana Spach.

Tips of the calyx-segments not free in the bud.


A, albicaulis.

Tips of the calyx-segments free in the bud.

Throat of the calyx-tube villous within.


A. coronopifolia.

Throat of the calyx-tube glabrous within.

Capsules narrowly ascending; leaves linear, entire or nearly so.


A. Nuttallii.

Capsules widely spreading; leaves lanceolate, dentate.


A. latifolia.

I. Anogra Albicaùlis (Pursh) Britton. Prairie Evening-Primrose

Fig. 3045

Oenothera albicaulis Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 733. 1814.

Oenothera pinnatifida Nutt. Gen. 1: 245. 1818.

Anogra albicaulis Britton, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 234. 1894.

Annual or biennial, diffusely branched at the base; branches decumbent or ascending, more or less hirsutely pubescent or puberu-lent, whitish and often shreddy, 4'-12' long. Basal and lower leaves petioled, the upper sessile, oblanceolate or lanceolate in outline, deeply pinnatifid or the lowest repand-dentate (rarely entire), 1'-4' long; flowers axillary, diurnal, l 1/2 - 3' broad, white, becoming rose-color; petals obcordate or emar-ginate; calyx-segments lanceolate, not free in the bud, acuminate, hirsute, finally re-flexed, the throat naked; capsules linear, 1'-1 1/2' long, about 1" thick, hirsute or pu-berulent; seeds finely pitted.

Prairies, North Dakota to Nebraska, New Mexico and Sonora. April-June.

I Anogra Albica Lis Pursh Britton Prairie Evening  1387