11. Physalis Lanceolate Michx. Prairie Ground-Cherry

Fig. 3706

Physalis lanceolata Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 149. 1803.

Physalis pennsylvanicn var. lanceolata A. Gray, Man. Ed. 5, 382. 1867.

Perennial; rootstock apparently slender and creeping; stem about 1 1/2° high, first erect, later spreading or diffuse, only slightly angled, sparingly hirsute with flat hairs. Leaves lanceolate, oblanceolate or spatu-late, tapering into the petiole, acute or obtuse, nearly always entire, rarely wavy, but never sinuately toothed, thickish, sparingly hairy with short hairs; peduncles 5"-10" long, in fruit reflexed; calyx strigose or villous, rarely glabrous, its lobes triangular-lanceolate; corolla dullish yellow with a brownish center, about 8" in diameter; fruiting calyx round-ovoid, not sunken at the base, indistinctly 10-angled; berry yellow or greenish yellow.

On dry prairies, South Carolina to Illinois, South Dakota, Wyoming, Kansas and New Mexico. July-Sept.

12. Physalis Pumila Nutt. Low Ground-Cherry

Fig. 3707

Physalis pumila Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (II.) 5:

193. 1834. Physalis lanceolata var. hirta A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 68. 1874.

Perennial from a slender rootstock, 1 1/2°-3° high; stem hirsute, obscurely angled. Leaves thick, broadly ovate to oblong, acute at both ends and somewhat rhomboid, the lower often obtuse and obovate, generally much larger than in the preceding; blades 2'-4' long, entire or seldom sinuate, on petioles 10"-15" long, strigose with many-branched hairs especially on the lower surface; peduncles 5"-10" long, in fruit reflexed and 1 1/2'-2' long; calyx densely hirsute, not stellate-pubescent, its lobes triangular, generally a little shorter than the tube; corolla yellow with brown center, 8"-10" in diameter; fruiting calyx usually more elongated than in the preceding, 1 1/2'-2' long, oblong-ovoid, a little sunken at the base, indistinctly 10-angled.

Plains and prairies, Illinois to Colorado and Texas. July-Sept.

12 Physalis Pumila Nutt Low Ground Cherry 378

13. Physalis Virginiana Mill. Virginia Ground-Cherry

Fig. 3708

Physalis virginiana Mill. Gard. Dict. Ed. 8, no. 4. 1768. Physalis pennsylvanica A. Gray, Man. Ed. 5, 382. 1867.

Not L. 1753. Physalis virginiana intermedia Rydberg, Mem. Torr. Club 4: 345. 1896.

Perennial; rootstock thick and somewhat fleshy; stem 1 1/2°-3° high, erect, dichotomously branched, somewhat angular, more or less strigose-hairy with flat hairs, sometimes a little glandular, or sometimes nearly glabrous. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, tapering to both ends, 1 1/2'-2 1/2' long, generally more or less sinuately dentate, often yellowish green; peduncles 5"-10" long, generally erect, in fruit curved but scarcely reflexed; calyx strigose, hirsute, or at least puberulent, its lobes triangular or broadly lanceolate, nearly equalling the tube; corolla sulphur-yellow with purplish spots, 2/3'- l' in diameter; anthers yellow; fruiting calyx pyramidal-ovoid, 5-angled, sunken at the base; berry reddish.

Rich soil, especially in open places, Ontario to Manitoba, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana and Texas. Consists of numerous races, differing in pubescence. July-Sept. Wild cherry.

13 Physalis Virginiana Mill Virginia Ground Cherry 379